Written Assignment 3
The threat of terrorist attacks against U.S. citizens and its interests around the world has become the nation’s most important national security issue. The potential terrorist cyber attacks on national institutions are a greater threat to our nation then the cyber crimes against individuals such as identify theft. Possible damages of a cyber terrorist attack would impose a serious threat to our country’s infrastructures. “Aggressors attack at the point of maximum leverage. For modern society, this means critical infrastructure—transportation, telecommunications, oil and gas distribution, emergency services, water, electric power, finance and government operations” (Cerf, October 2001). Since September 11, 2001, a new technological threat exists pertaining to terrorism, cyber terrorism, and the nation has focused more on the issue. Different forms of technological infrastructure may be vulnerable to this form of attack such as pipelines, power plants, transportation, and other hard assets that rely on cyber technology. Communication systems used for financial, military, police, and corporate purposes suffer from the same vulnerability. This not only includes threats against physical facilities and equipment but remote cyber attacks that could disable national infrastructure as well (Aeilts, Sep, 2011). Terrorists have shifted their attention, with increasing frequency, towards cyber terrorism. Cyber threats come from a number of groups and individuals with different skills, motives, and targets. Terrorists increasingly use the Internet to communicate, conduct operational planning, propagandize, recruit and train operatives, and obtain logistical and financial support. Foreign governments have the technical and financial resources to support advanced network exploitation and to launch attacks on the United States’ information and physical infrastructure. Criminal hackers also pose a national security threat, if...
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