Sonata Form and 40th Symphony

Good Essays
Topics: Sonata form
1. What is the basic premise of the sonata form? The contrast and drama between two or more themes and tonalities is the basic premise behind Sonata Form.
2. In the sonata form, how can we determine the principle subject? The principal subject consists of a simple melody with a string bass - one of the most common bass lines - echoed by the wind.
3. How is the melody of the second subject different from the first?
The first movement opens quietly with lyrical cello theme over piano accompaniment which is followed by a series of elaborate transformations.
The second movement is labeled Dumka which is a form that Dvořák famously used in his Dumky piano trio and features a melancholy theme on the piano separated by fast, happy interludes
4. Why do composers often use exposition repeats? Exposition Repeats to help the audience familiarize itself with the music.
5. How does the music of the development section compare to the music of the exposition? Motives were presented in various keys, registers, and groupings of instruments. In this section the composer also used new themes that were not found in the exposition section. The composer ended this section in the tonic key and moved directly into the recapitulation.
The theme then transitioned by a bridge and modulated to the dominant key, or relative major key if the movement was in a minor key. The second theme was presented in the dominant key. This section concluded with a closing theme or codetta
6. How does the music of the recapitulation compare to the music of the exposition?
Exposition is the place where the composer 'exposes' all of the musical ideas that he is going to use in the movement
Recapitulation which is where all the previous themes return
7. What is the home key for Mozart’s 40th symphony? G minor
8. How does the first movement end? Repeated signs
9. How is the music from the first movement of Mozart’s 40th symphony an example of music from the Classical period? They use the

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