Africa Media Review Vol. 8 No. 2 1994 ©African Council for Communication Education
Some Reflections on the Dependency Theory
Luke Uka Uche*
The challenge facing contemporary scholarship in communication and development is that of boldly addressing the issue of the hegemonic structure and control of the world economy and the systematic strangulation of Africa and the rest of the Third World by the industrialized world. To shy away from addressing the Issue that the under-development of the Third World societies came about through colonalism is to run away from reality. Communication in the development process of Africa was denied a Marshall Plan despite her contribution to the economic attainment of world peace after World War II.
* Luke Uka Uche teaches in the Department of Mass Communications, University of Lagos, Nigeria.
Quelques Reflexions sinla Theorie de Dependence
par Luke Uka Uche* Rfesumfe
Actuellement, le defl pour les etudiants dans les domaines de communication et du developpement c'est celui d'adresser la question de la structure hegemonique, le controle de l'economie du monde, et la strangulation systematique de l'Afrique et le reste du Tiers Monde par les pays developpes. Eviter de discuter le fait que le sous-developpement du Tiers-Monde est le resultat du colonialisme, c'est eviter la realite. Au cours du processus de developpement en Afrique, on a refuse un plan gigantesque dans le domaine de la communication malgre sa contribution au developpement economique et a 1'industrialisation de l'Europe et de l'Amerique et aussi sa contribution a la realisation de la paix dans le monde apres la Deuxieme Guerre Mondiale.
* Luke Uka Uche enseigne dans le Departement de la Communication des Masses a l'Universite de Lagos, Nigeria. 40
Introduction Independence from Europe's colonial rule came to the first African country south of the Sahara exactly twelve years after the end of the World War II (WWII) in 1945. It was Ghana, formerly Gold Coast, that enjoyed the honour of being the first to attain independent status in black Africa on March 6, 1957. The former name, Gold Coast, is not only suggestive, but also reminiscent of the height of the state of the ecstasy of the Europeans in their exploitation and looting of Ghana's gold for the development of Europe. In the 1960s, most sub-Saharan African countries became independent nation states. Colonial African states sent their soldiers to fight on the Allied side (of course their colonial masters') during WW II. Colonial Africa also shipped foodstuffs for the feeding of the Allied forces; she also sent materials for the Allied war efforts. In short, Africa contributed in no small measure in the defeat of the Axis powers. Soon after WW II, the United States implemented the Marshall Plan for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of Europe in order to overcome the scars of the WW n. For the technological and economic heights Europeans have attained, as well as the degree of political stability they now enjoy, credit is partly due to the Marshall Plan. Inspite of the fact that Africa went through the triple jeopardy of participating In WW II; being a victim of the slave trade; and being traumatized by, and deprived as a result of colonialism that secured the exploitation of its raw materials, agricultural products and mineral resources for the industrialization of Europe, it was denied its own fair share of the Marshall Plan for the development of the continent. Africa, thus, joined the comity of nations handicapped, short-changed and cheated. Africa's background makes her quest for Industrialization problematique. The problem Is that communication in the development process of Africa was denied a Marshall Plan, despite Africa's contribution to the economic development and Industrialization of Europe and America, and attainment of world peace after WW II. One would have thought that lack of economic rehabilitation of the African societies, soon...
References: Amin, Samir (1971) 2nd Edition, Le Developement du Capitalisme en Cote d 'lvoire. Paris: Les Editions de Minuit. Apter, David E. (1987). Rethinking Development: Modernization, Dependency, and Postmodern Politics. Beverly Hills, London, New Delhi: Sage Publications. Bienefeld, Manfred (1988). 'Dependency Theory and the Political Economy of Africa 's Crisis. ' Review of African Political Economy, NO. 43. Calvocoressi, Peter (1985), Independent Africa and The World. London, New York: Longman. Communication Research Trends (1988/89). Vol. 9, No. 3. The Economist (1992). 'Let Them Eat Pollution. ' February 8-14. Fossedal, Gregory A. (1989). The Democratic Imperative: Exporting the American Revolution New York: Basic Books, Inc., Publishers. Jensen, Lois (1991). 'Making Adjustments in Ghana." Topic, No. 190. Kadiri, Abudu and Osun, Sylvester (1991). 'Ghana: The Growth and The Pains. ' Business in ECOWAS, Vol. 5 No. 4. Marcussen, Henrik Secher and Torp, Jens Evik (1982). Internationalization of Capital: Prospects for the Third World. London: Zed Books Ltd. McCracken, Paul W. (1991). 'Converting State-Managed Economies." Topic No. 194. Momoh, Issah (1992). 'A Nation of Buyers and Sellers. ' The Guardian February 26. Mowlana, Hamid and Wilson, Laurie J. (1990). The Passing of Modernity: Communication and the Transformation of Society. New York, London: Longman. Servaes, Jan. (1990). 'Rethinking Development Communication: One World, Multiple Cultures." Communication Socialis Yearbook Vol. IX. Turok, Ben (1987). AFRICA: What Can Be Done? London, New Jersey: Zeb Books Ltd. Uche, Luke Uka (1990). 'How the Media Reacted to Toxic Dumping In Nigeria." Media Development Vol. XXXVII. No. 2. White, Robert A. (1988/89). (Editor.). Communication Research Trends. Vol. 9., No. 3. Wolfers, Michael (1992). 'A Nation 's Suffering." West Africa February 3-9. World Bank (1991). World Development Report 1991: The Challenge of Development Oxford, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document