Solution Focussed Therapy in Social Work

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In the 1980’s Insoo Berg and Steve de Shazer developed steps into the practice of solution focused therapy in Milwaukee, USA. Solution focused therapy is a practice framework for social workers and other therapists. Solution focused therapy is a framework that primarily focuses on solution development. Other Frameworks lead therapy to focus on the past history of the problem that the client brings to therapy, and ending their sessions with a solution to the problem, or when the problem in no longer an issue for them.
The therapist’s role is to lead the client to behavioral change and to assist in an effective and efficient way. Solution focused therapist believe that the client is the expert in their own life and are capable to solve their problem by ulitising the resources that the client has access to.
Solution focused Therapy is often brief, and may be treated in as little as one session. The success of this therapy is calculated by the evidence of change. (Seligman P413)
This paper’s discussion will focus on two core ideas of Solution Focused therapy, including the scaling questions technique and miracle question technique. This paper demonstrates the use of these two techniques as used in my practice as a therapist. This discussion will be followed by a brief exploration of the limitations to this framework.

To provide a brief explanation of the solution focused framework, it can be summarized as the focus is directed towards what is suitable and workable for the client; that all problems can be explored and transformed onto solutions and how small changes have the ripple effect onto larger changes. Solution focused Therapy recognizes that the client has the ability to resolve their challenging situation through their identified strengths and how they are initiated; and, the therapist views the clients’ goals in a positive manner.
Damien is 17 year of age; he is an involuntary juvenile Justice client and has been referred for counseling. He has been to



References: list: * Cade B 1993, a brief guide to brief therapy. Palgrave New York * Jones D, Becoming a Brief Therapist: Special Edition the Complete Works, Lulu.com, 2008, page 451 * Milner J., and, O’Byrne P. 2002.Brief counseling: Narratives and solutions. Palgrave, New York. * Seligman L 2006. Theories of counseling and psychotherapy: systems, strategies and skills. P 413 * Sklare 1997, Brief Counseling that works: A solution- focused approach for school counselors. * Talmon M. 1990, Single Session Therapy. Jossey-Bass Inc., Publishers. Califormia, USA.

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