Solid Waste in Livingstone City

Topics: Waste management, Waste, Biodegradable waste Pages: 3 (792 words) Published: June 25, 2013
The World Book Dictionary defines waste as “useless or worthless material”. Such materials/items that people no longer use and discard are called as waste. These items range from household rubbish, sewage, sludge, municipal waste, waste from manufacturing activity, nuclear waste, agricultural waste, etc. These waste materials if not treated and handled properly can create a number of problems associated with soil, air and water. With growing population and material consumption rates, Indian cities need adequate waste management practices to prevent waste from becoming a health hazard. Rapid increase in the use of plastics, paper and electronics has made the solid wastes a significant portion of waste generated from households. Solid waste generation across the world

Rapid economic development has increased the living standard of the people across the globe. This has directly translated into more material consumption and more waste generation. Driven by consumption of resources, high income countryies produce roughly 1.1 to 5.0 kg solid waste per capita for a day; middle-income countries generate between 0.52 and 1.0 kg solid waste per capita for a day and low-income countries have generation rates of between 0.45 and 0.89 kg per capita for a day. Major Categories and types of waste: Solid waste material, generated particularly in the urban areas an be categorised as (1) Organic waste

(2) Plastic waste
(3) Metal waste material
(4) Glass waste material
(5) Paper waste material, and
(6) Others (Ash, Sand, Grit, etc.)
Characteristic of waste generation
Source of wasteMicro components –waste generators
ResidentialOrganic/Inorganic waste from the single or multifamily houses, colonies, apartments, etc. IndustrialConstruction, Manufacturing, Fabrications, Power plants, Chemical Plants CommercialEateries, Restaurants, Stores, Hotels, Offices, etc InstitutionalHospitals, Large institutions , Schools, Jails, etc Construction and demolitionNew construction...
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