There are various social aspects to health and illness, including a variety of patterns and trends as well as different sociological perspectives. This article will explain patterns and trends and use different sociological perspectives to discuss these patterns and trends as well as evaluate the different sociological explanations.(Rasheed et al 2010) Some sociologists have categorised human disorders as diseases, illness’ and sickness. A disease describes the physiological malfunctioning of the body, an illness refers to the individual’s subjective awareness of the disorder and sickness describes the social role of the unwell. (Rasheed et al 2010)
The concept of health has always been difficult to define however the definition is important because health is desirable, and therefore has implications for promoting health. There have been several different definitions put forward over time including the negative definition which states that health is seen merely as the absence of any physical illness or disease. Secondly the positive definition which refers to health as a process; a person achieves a healthy state through their own efforts in maintaining themselves. Finally the holistic definition which considers the whole person rather than specific parts or aspects, including mental health. (Rasheed et al 2010) The most commonly accepted definition offered by The World Health Organisation In 1946 is that ‘Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease of infirmity’ however this can be problematic as it is difficult to achieve. (Rasheed et al 2010)
Gender is the range of characteristics pertaining to, and differentiating between, masculinity and femininity. The patterns and trends between genders can be measured in various different ways. For example Morbidity rates these are the frequency in which disease appears in a population. Although women have a higher life expectancy than men,...
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