Humans have progressed in all fields of work. We are more exposed to technology than ever before, World has become a global village in terms of communication, trade and world affairs. People are developing in all means, i.e. education, economy, technology, lifestyle and so on. Unfortunately, we have not progressed enough in sociological terms that we identify people as only humans and not on behalf of their color. Race and ethnicity are socially constructed identities that vary across time, space, situation, and perception. Besides this fact, Race and Racism is one of the major issues in human societies even if the country is culturally diversified, like Canada. Race refers to a person’s physical appearance such as skin color, eye color, hair color, bone/jaw structure and other defining characteristics and Ethnicity relates to cultural factors such as nationality, culture, ancestry, language, religion and beliefs. The ethnic differences are learned and not inherited in a human, biologically. Even though Canada is culturally and ethnically diversified, racial profiling and racial discrimination affects people's lives as stereotyping creates an effect of essentialism and racial discrimination leads to inequality in social institutions. Racial discrimination is one of the main social problems that exists in human societies and also leads to other issues such as Ethnocentrism and Essentialism. Judging a person’s character/ nature, based on their race and ethnic attributes is one of the common mistakes people make instinctively. The belief that the white skin colour or other physical attributes are inherently superior than black or people of color, creates a tension between different racial groups and people gets affected by the racist behaviour of one person or group. In Canada, Discrimination continues to happen because it nurtures power and esteem for the people who wants them to feel superior than others....
Cited: Satzewich, Vic, and NikolaosLiodakis. "Understanding Social Inequality: The Intersections of Ethnicity, Gender and Class." 'Race ' & Ethnicity in Canada. Second ed. New York: Oxford UP, 2010. 113- 120. Print.
Nelson, E.D, and AugieFleras."Race, Ethnicity, and Aboriginality."Social Problems in Canada: Issues and Challenges. Second ed. USA: Prentice-hall, 1998. 217-223. Print.
Kashef, Ziba. "Racism Is a Serious Problem." Racism. United States of America: Greenhaves, 2006. 18-23. Print.
James, Carl E. Seeing Ourselves. Fourth ed. Canada: Thompson Educational. 1-163. Print. (textbook)
Class notes& lectures (Larry van der Est and Agnes MacDonald)
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