Unit 1: Foundation in Sociology- Cultural and Social Organisation Sociology is the scienfic study of social life as well as the social cause and consequences of human behaviour. Most sociologists typically focus their studies on how people and society influences other people. Cliffnotes (unknown). In 1959, sociologist C. Wright Mills defined sociological imagination as the ability to see the impact of social forces on individual’s private lives and their impact on public lives, for example a person’s circumstances may lead to unemployment, but when unemployment rates in society rises as a whole, it becomes a public issue. Haralambos and Holborn (2008). This essay shall discuss the similarities and differences between African and British families within their society. It will include the role of cultures, norms, values and inequality. British society has changed substantially throughout the years; it is now become a very diverse civilization. Once consisting of a very typical nuclear family which would have included heterosexual married partners and their off-spring. It was the cultural norm for the husband to be the breadwinner and the wife to be a homemaker. Functionalists believe that nuclear family is one of the best suited to the wider needs of society and would be classed as a healthy family. These nuclear families would branch off extended families, which was once the most valuable units in British society not only for economic reasons, but more importantly for good family structure. It would provide values within the family unit and was very much dominated by the elders, who pass on their cultural norms of the society though primary socialisation to their children. According to Murdock the nuclear family is universal, either on its own or as a base unit within an extended family. The African society has also changed within time, studies from the 1930s to the 1950s show that polygamy was a social norm throughout all regions. There has now been a decrease...
Bibliography: Haralambos and Holborn (2008) Sociology Themes and Perspective. Seventh edition, London, Harper Collins.
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Worldservices(09/02/2011) “Is Single Parenthood Stigmatised in Africa,” available at: http://www.bbc.co.uk, accessed 01/11/2012
Stonewall(unknown) “Families and Parenting,” available at: http://www.stonewall.org.uk, accessed 01/11/2012
Exploring Africa(unknown) “Cultural and Society in Africa,” available at: http://www.exploringafrica.marix/teachers/, accessed 01/11/2012
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