1. “Sanctions” are defined as
penalties and rewards for conduct concerning a social norm. B.
justifications for deviant behavior.
rules made by a government.
a loss of direction when the social control of individual behavior has become ineffective.
2. Socialization is the process
of mentally assuming the perspective of another.
of discarding former behavior patterns and accepting new ones as part of a transition in one’s life. C.
whereby people learn the attitudes, values, and actions appropriate to individuals as members of a particular culture. D.
whereby people normally being socialized are at the same time socializing their socializers.
3. Teaching students about the physical and political geography of their state, their country, and the world is a (an) A.
manifest function of education.
latent function of education.
dysfunction of education.
example of the correspondence principle.
4. Which sociological perspective is most likely to be concerned with television distorting gender roles and stereotyping, which is often rooted in the media’s willingness to promote more traditional views? A.
5. In the nature versus nurture debate, which position do social scientists take? A.
Environmental factors are more important than biological inheritance in human development. B.
Biological inheritance is more important than environmental factors in human development. C.
It is the interaction between environmental factors and biological inheritance that is important in human development. D.
Biological factors are irrelevant in human development.
6. According to a study by Stanley Milgram, individuals will A.
conform to the attitudes and behaviors of their peers even if such attitudes and behaviors are racist. B.
obey the commands of people viewed as legitimate authority figures, even if the behavior may harm another...
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