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Sociology and System. A. B.

By mandeepmann123 Dec 04, 2013 668 Words
Quiz #5c-

10 points
( Chapters 11-12)

Student Name ( Print your name)

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one answer that best relates to the information as presented in your textbook. Please mark the correct answer
1.

Open competition and privately owned property are the key elements of , whereas, public ownership by the government and the elimination of competition to the state are key elements of
.
a.
b.
c.
d.

2.

That the U.S. capitalistic economy limits some areas of competition, and China’s socialist economy allows some free enterprise, indicates that a.
b.
c.
d.

3.

capitalism does not work.
socialism does not work.
socialism is the best economic system in the world today.
most societies have developed mixed economic systems.

When a robber forces someone to hand over money or valuables, the robber is exercising a type of illegitimate power called
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

4.

communism / capitalism
capitalism / socialism
charismatic authority / rational-legal authority
industrial societies / post-industrial societies

coercion
authority
charisma
conspicuous consumption
pluralism

The norms or practices that result in people marrying those with social characteristics similar to their own are called:
a.
b.
c.
d.

romantic love
exogamy
homogamy
matriarchy

1

5.

Jack, a structural engineer, and his wife, Jill, a bank manager, have two children. Jack prepares breakfast for the family and school lunches most mornings. Jill prepares dinner each evening and the couple shares all household duties. They also consult one another before making major decisions. This shared power relationship is an example of::

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

6.

Ted and Cindy are married. Last year, the couple adopted 7-year-old Gregory. Together, Ted, Cindy and Gregory make up a(n):
a.
b.
c.
d.

7.

extended family
family
bilineal system of kinship
both “a” and “b”

Khyliani is a woman that is married to four brothers at the same time. This is an example of:
a.
b.
c.
d.

8.

patriarchy
matriarchy
egalitarianism
romantic love
empty nest

polyandry
polygyny
monogamy
homogamy

Hadassah and Abraham are both Jewish. They were married in 1999. This practice of marrying people with the same religious backgrounds is an example of:
a.
b.
c.
d.

exogamy
polygamy
endogamy
monogamy

2

9.

After high school, David moved out of state, to attend college. After graduating from college, David moved back in with his parents. When children leave the family home, sometimes they find it difficult to maintain their independence. This pattern of returning back to the parent’s home is what sociologists call: a.

b.
c.
d.
e.

10.

According to
, family provides several benefits to their members as well
as to society at large. These include, socialization of children, regulation of reproduction, and a support system.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

11.

functionalism
conflict theory
exogamy
labeling theory
Karl Marx

Recent t!r!e!n!d!s! i!n! !U!.!S!.! !f!a!m!i!l!y! !i!n!c!l!u!d!e! !a!l!l! !o!f! !t!h!e!s!e! !except? !
a!.! !
b!.! !
c!.! !
d.

12.

extended childhood
extended family
fictive kin
not so empty nest
polyandry

P!u!s!h!i!n!g! !b!a!c!k! !t!h!e! !a!g!e! !o!f! !m!a!r!r!i!a!g!e until people are older! ! I!n!c!r!e!a!s!i!n!g! !r!a!t!e!s! !o!f! !c!o!h!a!b!i!t!a!ti!o!n! ! !
I!n!c!r!e!a!s!i!n!g! !r!a!t!e!s! !o!f! !“b!l!e!n!d!e!d!” !f!a!m!i!l!i!e!s! ! D!e!c!r!e!a!s!i!n!g! !r!a!t!e!s! !o!f! !s!i!n!g!l!e! !p!a!r!e!n!t! !h!o!u!s!e!h!o!l!d!s! !

Steve Jobs founded Apple Computer Inc. and altered the direction of the computer industry. His ability to achieve his own ends, despite resistance from others, is an example of:
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

conspicuous consumption’
power
convergence theory
pluralism
traditional authority

3

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