Sociology and Perspective View Deviance

Topics: Sociology, Criminology, Sociological terms Pages: 4 (1449 words) Published: March 9, 2014

Deviance appears in our daily life, we may consider a lot of actions as deviant. However what is deviance actually mean to us? Deviance describes actions or behaviors that violate social norm. Social norm could differ from culture to culture or different period of time in the same culture. Deviant acts can either be criminal or not criminal, many deviant acts are not regarded as crime or only become decriminalized recently. That is the reason that deviance is relative, norms can be modified within different culture or even the same culture in different periods, there cannot be absolute or fixed standard for deviance. Deviance can separate as two kind of deviant act, Primary Deviance and Secondary Deviance. Primary Deviance means any general deviance, but Secondary deviance any action that takes place after primary deviance as reaction to the institutional identification of the person as deviant. In Fouctionalist Perspective, deviance is an innovative force of society, all societies need to progress and all social changes begin with some form of deviance. Durkheim claimed that deviance was in fact a normal and necessary part of social organization, he thinks a serious form of deviance forces people to come together and react in the same way against it and people learn right from wrong by defining people as deviant. In interactionist perspective view “deviance” as a socially constructed phenomenon and “deviance” is what is so defined by society. The main Theory in interaction perspective is labeling theory, it holds that deviance is not inherent to an act but instead focuses on the tendency of majorities to negatively label minorities or those seen as deviant from standard cultural norms. There are two kind of deviance in labeling theory. First is the primary deviance, which is mean any general deviance before the deviant is labeled. Second is the secondary deviance, which is caused by those who are first labeled to cope with the impacts from such label....
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