Sociology and Deviance Deviant

Topics: Sociology, Criminology, Crime Pages: 24 (6169 words) Published: March 3, 2013
Deviance (sociology)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Deviant" redirects here. For other uses, see Deviant (disambiguation).This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (July 2008) Sociology

Theory · History

Positivism · Antipositivism
Functionalism · Conflict theory
Middle-range · Mathematical
Critical theory · Socialization
Structure and agency
Research methods

Quantitative · Qualitative
Historical · Computational
Ethnographic · Network analytic
Topics · Subfields

Cities · Class · Crime · Culture
Deviance · Demography · Education
Economy · Environment · Family
Gender · Health · Industry · Internet
Knowledge · Law · Medicine
Politics · Mobility · Race and ethnicity
Rationalization · Religion · Science
Secularization · Social networks
Social psychology · Stratification
Category tree · Lists

Journals · Sociologists
Article index
v · t · e

Criminology and penology
Causes and correlates of crime
Biosocial criminology
Differential association theory
Labeling theory
Rational choice theory (criminology)
Social control theory
Social disorganization theory
Social learning theory
Strain theory
Subcultural theory
Symbolic interactionism · Victimology
Types of crimes
Blue-collar crime · Corporate crime
Juvenile crime
Organized crime
Political crime · Public order crime
State crime · State-corporate crime
Victimless crime · White-collar crime
Deterrence · Prison
Prison reform · Prisoner abuse
Prisoners' rights · Rehabilitation
Recidivism · Retribution
Criminal justice portal
See also: Wikibooks:Social Deviance
This box: view · talk · edit klik

Deviance, in a sociological context, describes actions or behaviors that violate social norms, including formally-enacted rules (e.g., crime),[1] as well as informal violations of social norms (e.g., rejecting folkways and mores). It is the purview of sociologists, psychologists, psychiatrists, and criminologists to study how these norms are created, how they change over time and how they are enforced.Contents [hide] 1 Deviance as a violation of social norms

1.1 Deviance as reactive construction
2 Theories
2.1 Structural-Functionalism
2.1.1 Durkheim's Basic Insight[1]
2.1.2 Merton's strain theory
2.2 Symbolic interaction
2.2.1 Sutherland's differential association
2.2.2 Neutralization theory
2.2.3 Labeling theory
2.2.4 Primary and secondary deviation
2.2.5 Control theory
2.3 Conflict theory
2.3.1 Karl Marx
2.3.2 Michel Foucault
2.3.3 Biological theories of deviance
2.4 Other theories
3 Functions of deviance
4 Cross-cultural communication as deviance
5 Types of deviance
6 The Criminal Justice System
7 Deviance in literature/film
8 See also
9 References
10 Notes

Deviance as a violation of social norms

Norms are rules and expectations by which members of society are conventionally guided.[2] Deviance is a failure to conform to these norms. [3] Social norms are different in one culture as opposed to another. For example, a deviant act can be committed in one society that breaks a social norm there, but may be normal for another society.

Viewing deviance as a violation of social norms, sociologists have characterized it as "any thought, feeling or action that members of a social group judge to be a violation of their values or rules";[4] "violation of the norms of a society or group";[5] "conduct that violates definitions of appropriate and inappropriate conduct shared by the members of a social system";[6] "the departure of certain types of behavior from the norms of a particular society at a particular time";[7] and "violation of certain types of group norms [... where] behavior is in a disapproved direction and of...

References: MB Clinard and RF Meier, Sociology of deviant behavior. 1968.
Simon Dinitz, Russell Rowe Dynes and Alfred Carpenter Clarke, Deviance: studies in definition, management, and treatment‎. 1975.
JD Douglas and FC Waksler FC, The sociology of deviance: an introduction. Boston: Little, Brown, 1982.
Gary F. Jensen, The path of the devil: early modern witch hunts. Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.
Donal E. J. MacNamara and Andrew Karmen, DEVIANTS: Victims or Victimizers? Beverly Hills, California: Sage, 1983.
Doug Thomson, Crime and deviance‎. 2004.
"Types of Deviance." Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <>.
Correctional Service of Canada Welcome Page. Web. 23 Feb. 2012. <>.
"The Criminal Justice System" Macionis, J., and Gerber, L. (2010). Sociology, 7th edition.
"Emile Durkheim"s Basic Insight" Macionis, J., and Gerber, L. (2010). Sociology, 7th edition
^ Macionis, John (2011). Sociology. Toronto: Pearson Canada.
^ Goode, E. (2004). Deviant Behavior (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
^ Macionis and Gerber, John, Linda (2011). Sociology 7th Canadian Edition. Toronto, Ontario: Pearson Canada Inc.. pp. 200. ISBN 978-0-13-700161-3.
^ Jim Mitchell and Richard A. Dodder, (1983),
^ Jensen 2001: 88.
^ a b c Macionis, Gerber, John, Linda (2010). Sociology 7th Canadian Ed. Toronto, Ontario: Pearson Canada Inc.. pp. 204
^ Wadsworth, Tim
^ Steiner, Benjamin,and John Wooldredge."The relevance of inmate race/ethnicity versus population composition for understanding prison rule violations." "Punishment & Society". 11(2009):459–489.
^ Hastings, Stephanie E. and Thomas A. O 'Neil. "Predicting workplace deviance using broad versus narrow personality variables." Personality & Individual Differences.47 (2009):289–293.
^ Kong, Travis S. K. More Than a Sex Machine: Accomplishing Masculinity Among Chinese Male Sex Workers in the Hong Kong Sex Industry.Deviant Behavior. 30 (2009)715–745.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Sociology and Deviance Essay
  • sociology internationalist crime & deviance Essay
  • Deviance and Sociology Essay
  • Limitations of theories of sociology of deviance Essay
  • Deviance Essay
  • Essay about Sociology of Deviance Midterm
  • Sociology Deviant Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free