sociology and anthropology

Topics: Sociology, Anthropology, Social sciences Pages: 2 (437 words) Published: February 5, 2014
Sociology is the study of human social behavior and its origins, development, organizations, and institutions. It is a social science which uses various methods of empirical investigation and critical analysis to develop a body of knowledge about human social actions, social structure and functions. SOCIOLOGY AND ANTHROPOLOGY.

Anthropology is the study of human beings and their ancestors through time in terms of physical characteristics, environmental and social relations, and culture. On the other hand, It can also be known as the scientific and humanistic study of human species and their various diversities. The relationship between sociology and anthropology is widely recognized today. Kroeber,who was an anthropologist pointed out that the two- sciences are twin sisters. Robert Redfied writes that viewing the whole United States, one say that the relations between sociology and anthropology are closer than those between anthropology and political science, which is partly due to greater similarity in ways of work. There is a great deal of similarities between anthropology and sociology. A number of subjects include society, culture, family religion, social stratification, etc. For this reason an eminent anthropologist like A.L. Kroeber regards Sociology and anthropology have very much influenced each other. For example, the ideology of Durkheim, a French Sociologist, has greatly influenced the doctrines of anthropologists like Malinowski and Radcliffe Brown. Hoebel has stated very clearly, Sociology and Social anthropology, in their broadest senses, are one and the same. Discoveries in different branches of anthropology have thrown a new light on the principles of sociology. Social anthropology as a branch of anthropology is nearest to sociology. Its aim is to study human behavior in social surroundings. Many of its discoveries have thrown new light on several subjects of sociology. Sociology has...
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