Topics: Sociology, Anthropology, Cultural anthropology Pages: 4 (1208 words) Published: February 19, 2014
Sociology and Anthropology Research
Research has been done for many years and threw the years has become more extensive. Now their are many forms of research that one can do. In this paper I will look at how researchers’ use different methods to come to their conclusions.

Sociology is the study of human social behavior. They seek to explain and predict knowledge about human social functions, social structure, and social actions. (Wikipedia, sociology, 2014) One everyday way for sociologist to research and collect data is called participant observation. Having 2 separate participants does this. One is a subjective participant and one is an objective observer. Sometimes these two people/ or groups of people know that they are being observed, and other times they don’t know. This form of observation is usually done over a long period of time. This can be months, years, or even over several generations. The objective of this is to gain a deep grasp on information with a certain group of individuals. This is usually done with a subculture group like a community group or religious group. Sometimes this can be hard to do in that you don’t want to add any feeling or emotions that might persuade the way you are observing things. (Crossman, 2014, participant observation) Secondary analysis is a form of research that sociologists also use. It is the use of data that has been gathered by someone else for another research project or purpose. The researcher will look at the information from the previous study but will not be asking the same question. Since the sociologist using the information didn’t collect it, they need to first make themselves familiar with the data. Once they have done this, there are many advantages for them. This form of research is philosophical justified to be used for research because of many reasons. One of these is that someone else has already gathered the information so they don’t need to devote any additional money, energy, time or other...

References: Wikipedia, Sociology, 2014, retrieved from
Crossman, Ashley, 2014, participant observation,, retrieved from
Crossman, Ashley, 2014, secondary analysis,, retrieved from
Wikipedia, 2014, Ethnography, retrieved from
Crossman, Ashley, 2014, Ethnography,, retrieved form
Crossman, Ashley, 2014, cross-cultural comparison, retrieved from
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