Sociology

Topics: South Africa, Nelson Mandela, Thabo Mbeki Pages: 8 (2926 words) Published: June 19, 2013
Module: sociology 300
Word: 2500
Topic: Briefly introduce the current development path of South Africa which has drawn critical fire. Outline and compare the opposing views on South Africa espoused by Chris Malikane, the head of policy for the Congress of South African Trade Unions and Moelesti Mbeki, deputy chairman of the South African Institute of International Affairs. You must argue you find more persuasive. You must also identify from which perspective of development their standpoint is derived.

Introduction
South Africa’s changeover in 1994 from the apartheid government to the constitutional democracy remains one of the most important and impressive political transitions in the history of South Africa. Hence, South Africa’s development after the apartheid became the most crucial goal for the ANC government to achieve. The following essay highlights the importance of development in South Africa. In so doing, firstly, this essay gives a broad outline of the development policies which were introduced in South Africa, which are as follows: RDP, GEAR, ASGISA and the New Growth Path. Secondly, the essay will proceed to critically examine the arguments of two significant government critics who are: Chris Malikane and Moeletsi Mbeki in terms of the development path policies which are in structure in developing South Africa. Thirdly, it goes on to point out relevant examples to illustrate the development that has occurred in South Africa since the ANC government took over 1994¸ it will conclude by taking a stand point for the argument of Chris Malikane. Contextualizing the development policies South Africa: RDP, GEAR, ASGISA and New Growth Path The development policies that were introduced in South Africa by ANC government after the apartheid government had stepped down from governing the country have had an impact in the development growth of the country. The first policy that was introduced in 1994 during the presidency of Nelson Mandela was called, the Reconstruction Development Programme known as RDP. In so doing, the National Party which was formerly controlled by the apartheid government was in power from 1948 until 1994. In 1994 the African National Congress took over, hence, when it took over it also inherited the depts of the National Party government ( Naidoo, 2012). Furthermore, the new government that had taken over needed funds to restore South Africa after the struggle, as a result, the African National Congress approached the Global financial Institutions for financial help. Nevertheless when the Global financial Institutions agreed to help South Africa, one of the conditions it projected was that the African National Congress would adopt to the Reconstruction and Development Programme (African National Congress, 2011). According to O’Malley (1994), the Reconstruction and Development Programme is an incorporated, rational socio-economic strategic framework. It seeks to assemble all the people and a country’s wealth toward the final abolition of apartheid and the structure of the democratic, non- racial and non –sexiest future for all countries. In addition, Reconstruction and development Programme was mainly with reference to, basic needs, in terms of clean water, running water and sanitation. Land distribution, were by every citizen in the country has their own land, unlike during the times of apartheid government were land was only given to white people. With Health care, there was a strict rule that every child was under six years of age and pregnant women must not be turned away in hospitals if they did not have money to pay for the service. Building shelter was the most essential element of the Reconstruction and Development Programme to an extent that most of all the house that were build were named after the programme by the citizens of South Africa. The aim was to build 2 million houses which were 2 rooms; every citizen was to have a decent house that they lived in. In...
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