This essay will describe and evaluate three contrasting sociological theories and aims to look at the relevance they may have today within the organisation of society. Marxism, Neo-Marxism and Functionalism have been chosen as although each are unique there still lies an undercurrent that threads these theories together with social conflict and economics being apparent throughout.
Marxism is a theory that focuses on class and social conflict. It ultimately is an economic critique of capitalism and class struggle. Marxism uses economic and socio-political understanding in its’ methodology and is a call for social transformation.
Karl Marx and …show more content…
Furthermore those working in large institutions deemed as ‘super managers’ i.e. banks, law firms, accountancies, management consultancies are often given stock options that make up to a third of their salary which incur large tax savings on what could be considered a largely disproportionate salary for what they actually do, compared to that of an average labourer. Foroohar (2014).
Thomas Piketty writes in his book ‘Capital in the 21st Century’.
“The relative importance of wealth to income is rising and yet, the main form of wealth tax is ... not adapted to the 21st century structure of wealth.”
Piketty makes a valid argument that reform economically needs to change especially when it comes to tax in order to bridge the gap between the social classes.
It could be argued that the economy and society has gone past the point of no return and that an uprising of the deemed lesser social classes needs to take place in order to see reform. This was seen to a lesser or greater extent during the riots that took place in 2011 in the UK. Governments are constantly trying to tackle the tax issue and that of social inequality but is this just a part of their party manifesto to win votes during an