WHAT DOES SOCIO- ECONOMICS
Socioeconomics is an area that governs
the understandings and the activities of
individuals that shape them as
WHAT IS SOCIO-ECONOMIC ISSUES?
socio-economic issues are the problems that
socioeconomics tackles and the factors that
have negative influence on the individuals'
economic activity. Such issues are lack of
unemployment and corruption.
SOUTH AFRICA AND SOCIOECONOMIC ISSUES:
The socioeconomic issues in South
Africa is mostly HIV/AIDS,
unemployment, poverty, crime, lack of
education and xenophobia.
What is HIV/AIDS?
Human immunodeficiency virus infection / acquired
immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a disease of the human immune system caused by infection with (HIV).During the initial infection, a person may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. This is typically followed by a prolonged period without symptoms.
As the illness progresses, it interferes more and more with the immune system, making the person much more likely to get
infections, including tumours that do not usually affect people who have working immune systems.
HIV is transmitted primarily via unprotected sexual intercourse contaminated blood transfusions, hypodermic needles, and from mother to child during pregnancy, delivery, or breastfeeding.
Five factors to determine impact:
1. number of people infected in the
2. Role of affected person in company
3. Structure of production process and
its ability to cope with absenteeism
4. Benefits provided company
5. Effect on business environment of
HIV/AIDS in other companies and in
• lack of productivity due to increase in
• if they are deaths due to AIDS they will
be a lack in availability of workers
• firms which have health programmes
may find themselves responsible for
substantial medical costs
• thus insurance scheme becomes more
• if firms have funeral coverage they will
be an increase in expense
• need to train new staff is an additional
Impact of HIV/AIDS
• The anti-fungal drug Ciclopirox
causes HIV-infected cells to
commit suicide by jamming up the cells’ powerhouse, the
mitochondria, according to a new study. And unlike current anti-HIV drugs, Ciclopirox completely eradicates infectious HIV from cell cultures, with no rebound of virus when the drug is stopped. • HAART- Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy. It depletes AIDS very slowly. A mathematic model shows that it would take about 6080 years before the HIV reservoirs are depleted • Prostain: A potential cure strategy. Prostrain occures naturally, non-tumour promoting phorbel ester found in the bark of the
mamala tree. They are several reports having demonstrated that prostrains poten antiviral activity against various strains of HIV
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