Socio-Economic and Political Dimensions of Conflict

Best Essays
Topics: Sociology, Economics
CHAPTER ONE

1. INTRODUCTION

As a social creature, man (economic, social and political status notwithstanding) craves for and enjoys freedom of association, freedom of movement, right to embark on any lawful economic activity, having the right to vote and be voted for, and to live in a conducive environment devoid of wars or tyrannical government. When all, or at least most, of these conditions are attained, the outcome is usually the creation of avenues for peaceful co-existence of individuals and groups. Conversely, non-attainment of these conditions is the precursor of disputes, disagreements and violent agitations, the end product of which is social conflict. In the light of the foregoing, Ibenwa C. N. posits that conflict is ontologically rooted in human insatiable and often incompatible needs. The denial of these needs, the author further stated, makes resolvable conflicts to degenerate into violent agitations or armed conflict. Essentially, conflict is inevitable in human interactions. Wherever and whenever people interact, there is bound to be disagreements, misunderstanding and disputes. Furthermore, conflicts can take different forms or assume different dimensions, some of which include: political, social and economic dimensions. Dimensions here refer to an aspect or feature of a situation (Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, 1998). This work shall examine and explain the socio-economic and political dimensions of conflicts. However, due to the all encompassing and universal nature of conflicts, focus will be laid on conflicts in Nigeria alone. This is due to the fact that, as the most populous and heterogeneous nation in Africa, Nigeria has had its fair share of conflicts dating back to the colonial era. Again, all the conflicts that have been witnessed in the country can be said to have socio-economic and political undertones. But differently, conflict is a regular feature in Nigeria, due largely to the multi-ethnic and plural



References: Adetiba, T. C. (2012) Socio-Political Development Under Threat: The Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons in Nigeria Amuta, C. (2012) The New Wave of Militancy and Insurgency in Nigeria: the Way Out. A paper presented at the 6th International Peace Conference in Accra, Ghana Arnson, C. C. (2005) The Political Economy of War: Situating the Debate. In C. Balogun, F. U. and Otti, V. U. (2007) Peaceful Co-Existence of the Peoples of Nigeria: The Contesting Issues Burton, S. (1986) The New Nature of Nation-State Failure. The Washington Quarterly Ezirim, G. E. (2011) Resource Governance and Conflict in the Niger-Delta: Implications for the Gulf of Guinea Region Hazen, J. M. and Hormer, J. (2007) Small Rams, Armed Violence and Insecurity in Nigeria: The Niger-Delta in Perspective Humphreys, M. (2003) Economics and Conflicts. Boston: Harvard University Press. Ibenwa, C. N. (2013) Nature and Concepts of Peace and Conflict. An unpublished mimeograph of the School of General Studies, University of Nigeria Nsukka. John, I. A.; Mohammed, A. Z.; Pinto, A. D. and Nkanta, C. A. (2009) Gun Violence in Nigeria: A Focus on Ethno-Religious Conflict in Kano Nwaiwu, S. U. (2010) Conflict: Dimensions, Causes, Consequences and Remedies. Onigbinde, D. (2008) Natural Resources Management and Its Implication on National and Sub-regional Security: The Case of the Niger-Delta Onyeneho, E. E. (2008) Nigeria Government and Politics. Onitsha: Chambers Books. Utomi, P. (2011) Implications of Electoral Fraud on Nigeria’s Political Development

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