Society

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Society
Society refers to a population of people that is organized in a cooperative manner to carry out the major functions of life, including reproduction, sustenance, shelter, and defense (Kornblum, 2000) and a population that occupies the same territory, is subject to the same political authority and participates in a common culture (Robertson, 1987). Under Society we have this Social Structure which refers to the recurring patterns of behaviour that people create through their interactions, their exchange of information, and their relationships. It is essential because it creates order and predictability in a society. The most important components of social structure are statuses, roles, groups, and institutions. Status is a socially defined position in a group or society characterized by certain expectations, rights, and duties (Kendall, 2003). Examples of statuses-positions are students, carpenter, son, old person, etc. Status is categorized into Ascribed which is assigned to a person by society without regard for a person’s unique talents and characteristics; usually takes place at birth for instance a person’s racial background, gender, and age. The other one is the Achieved Status which comes to us largely through our efforts and we must do something to acquire it. Examples are bank president, prison guard, lawyer, pianist, etc. The last one is the Master Status which is a social position that is exceptionally powerful in determining an individual’s identity, often to the point where other statuses are virtually ignored just like being Catholic Priest or President that is likely to be treated as who they are in all interactions. The next component of Status is the Role. It consists of norms associated with a particular status- norms that specify the behaviour required of an individual occupying that position. Group is also a component of social structure which refers to any collection of people who interact on the basis of shared expectations regarding

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