#1: Name and briefly describe the societal forces that have contributed to the need for project management.
#2: Why is the project manager often called a super-manager?
In an organization, if there is a project manager that is known to execute projects within the scheduled time frame and whose estimates are exact, he probably acquired a substantive amount of knowledge and experience over the years on project management. This “Super” project manager possesses therefore some valuable skills that can be taught to other project managers within the organization. Thus, this “super” manager will often be assigned to manage the project manager such that they can benefit from his experience and also manage project successfully. #8: How do projects, programs, tasks and work packages differ?
A work Package may be defined as the basic building block of a work breakdown structure. It may be considered as a sub-project composed of one or several tasks which are accomplished over a short period of time (generally 1 week-1 month) by an individual or a small group of workers. A task is defined as a piece of work requiring resources and has a concrete outcome (deliverables). Though a task may be of any size, the term task is usually used to describe a small piece of work. Projects may be considered as very large collection of tasks. Tasks may also be grouped together to form a work package. A program may be defined as plan of action which aims at accomplishing a specific objective. Therefore, a project may be considered to be a collection of work packages, tasks and programs. A project is an assembly of work packages which are composed of their own respective collection of tasks and the project program is the schedule or plan of action which aims at accomplishing the goals of the work packages in the most time and cost efficient manner. #9: How would you define a project?
A project is a term used to describe a set of connected activities which have a global goal and purpose to be fulfilled in a specific time frame, within budget limitations and according to specifications and quality requirements. The degree of complexity of the connected activities forming a project will vary greatly depending on the type of project. The members or parties involved in a project will also depend on the type of project. Projects can generally be defined by their scope, schedule, budget and required performance in objectives. The scope of the project defines the work agreed upon in order to meet the project goals and purpose specifying the necessary deliverables. Projects generally require technology, time, money, resources/energy and planning/monitoring. #10: What are some of the interdependencies related to a project?
Projects are defined as interdependent when the success of one project depends on another project or projects. Project interdependencies are based on several interrelated factors, such as resource constraints, time constraints, financial costs constraints, quality of outcomes and risk assessments. Project technical/resource interdependence can be described as the need to share resources or evaluating the successful implementation of various resources from other relatable projects. Outcome interdependency is the need to use the outcomes of another project whether it is technical outcomes or financial outcomes. Learning dependencies is using the knowledge gained from other similar projects to aid the success of a new project. Learning dependencies also include learning from the mistakes made from other projects.
Within a single project itself, there are many factors which are interdependent. For example, the costs associated with a project are interdependent of the time constraints, the quality of deliverables used, the processes used, the professionals hired as well as the overall quality of the outcome. In general terms, the outcome of one activity is the input of the following activity so in theory all project...
References: -Killen, C.P., Krumbeck, B., Kjaer, C., Durant-Law, G.A. (2009). Managing project interdependencies: exploring new approaches. Retrieved January 25, 2011, Asia Pacific Seminar Web site: http://www.durantlaw.info/sites/durantlaw.info/files/APES%2013%20Nov%2009.pdf
-Execution for systems, Common conflicts during Project Management. Viewed on January 25, 2011, web site: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:eMcc0__j2EMJ:www.exforsys.com/career-center/conflict-management/conflicts-during-project-management.html+project+manager+sources+of+conflict&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=ca
-Visitask management definitions, viewed on January 26th 2011, web site: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:wr6HTxZ1DlMJ:www.visitask.com/work-package-g.asp+work+package+definition&cd=2&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=ca
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