Topics: Psychology, Sociology, Primate Pages: 2 (444 words) Published: March 2, 2011

*Why Is Socialization Important Around the Globe?

Socialization is the lifelong process of social interaction through which individuals acquire a self-identity and the physical, mental, and social skills needed for survival in society.

-Human Development :
Biology and Society

To be human includes being conscious of ourselves as individual with unique identities, personalities, and relationships with others. As humans, we have ideas, emotions, and values. We have the capacity to think and to make rational decisions.

Sociobiology is the systematic study of how biology affects social behavior(Wilson, 1975). According to the zoologist Edward O. Wilson, who pioneered sociobiology, generic inheritance underlies many forms of social behavior such as war and peace, envy of and concern for others, and competition and cooperation. Most sociologists disagree with the notion that biological principles can be used to explain all human behavior.

-Problems Associated with Social Isolation and Maltreatment

Social environment, then, is a crucial part of an individual's socialization. Even nonhuman primates such as monkeys and chimpanzees need social contact with others of their species in order to develop properly. As we will see, appropriate social contact is even more important for humans.

-Isolation and Nonhuman Primates

Researchers have attempted to demonstrate the effects of social isolation on nonhuman primates raised without contact with others of their own species. In a series of laboratory experiments, the psychologusts Harry and Margaret Harlow(1962,1977) took infant rhesus monkeys from their mothers and isolated them in seperate cages. Each cage contained two nonliving "mother substitutes" made of wire, one with a feeding bottle. The infant monkeys instinctively clung to the cloth "mother" and would not abandon it until hunger drove them to the bottle attached to the wire "mother". As soon as they were full, they went...
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