Topics: Socialism, Marxism, Sociology Pages: 3 (915 words) Published: February 2, 2014

According to the Marxist theory, socialism is the stage that follows capitalism in the transition of a society to communism. The vesting of the ownership and control of the means of production and distribution of goods and services in the community as a whole, characterize this system of social organization. Another common definition of a socialist form of government is the one that attempts to reduce social, economic, medical, and political inequalities among its’ people. Inequalities are the norm in capitalistic societies. This inequality is considered unfair to some people; therefore, socialism is used to try to minimize these inequalities.

British social critic, R.H. Tawney, states his ideal: “It is to hold that, while natural endowments differ profoundly, it is the work of a civilized society to aim at eliminating such inequalities as have their source, not in individual differences, but in its own organization, and that individual differences, which are a source of social energy, are more likely to ripen and find expression if social inequalities are, as far as practicable, eliminated.” Attempting to equalize the minimum education received by all people through public education is a good example of social equality. As one thing leads to the next, education is one of the key factors to economic growth around the world. More and better education appears to encourage economic growth directly and indirectly through organization and increased social equality. The government imposes minimum wage, gives food stamps, social security and public housing, which are some ways to reduce absolute poverty and somewhat, remove economic inequalities.

In regards to medical equality, socialized healthcare is provided meaning everyone receives the minimum healthcare even if they are either unable to pay these medical bills or unemployed. Socialism increases workers rights and is more likely to allow more than only two dominate political parties creating political...

Cited: B, Phil. "Pros and Cons of Socialism." Phil for Humanity. Phil for Humanity, n. d. Web. Web. 6 Nov. 2012.
Cohen, A. G. Why not socialism?. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univ Pr, 2010. Print.
Mass, Alan. The Case for Socialism. Haymarket Books, 2010. Print.
Pheifer, Todd. "Political Philosophy." Helium. Helium , 29 2012. Web. 6 Nov 2012.
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