Social Work

Topics: Developmental psychology, Behavior, Sociology Pages: 10 (2704 words) Published: June 23, 2013
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

It is my pleasure to acknowledge and show my appreciation to those who contributed to the completion of my project.

I would like to thank my teacher for this project as it has expanded my understanding of the different theories relating to Social Work.

And last but not least I would like to express my gratitude to my friends and especially my family for the time they lent me and for guidance and understanding of the importance of this project.

Thank you all.

INTRODUCTION

According to the National Association of Social Workers Board of Director, “Social Work is the professional activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning and creating societal conditions favourable to this goal. Social Work practice consists of the professional application of Social Work values, principles, and techniques to one or more of the following ends; helping people obtain tangible services; counselling and psychotherapy with individuals, families, groups and helping communities provide or improve processes. The practice of Social Work requires knowledge of human development and behaviour; of social, economic, and cultural institutions; and of the interactions of all these factors.”

The Poor Relief Department was established to relieve poverty and destitution among all members of the Jamaican society. The department provides non-institutional as well as institutional care for adults and children. In non-institutional care, clients may be on the registered roll as ward of the state, or they may be destitute persons receiving temporary assistance only. These are the indoor and outdoor poor services. Indoor poor speaks mainly to the elderly and persons with no one liable for them. Outdoor poor functions primarily as the Social Welfare Service of Local Government as it is funded by a grant from Central Government. Persons in the parish who are entitled to relief are those who are in a state of destitution and are unable to work and earn their own means of subsistence In institutional care, clients are wards of the state and receive total care in infirmaries or golden age homes. The Poor Relief Department also provides temporary assistance to all members of the society.  

Ecological Systems

The Ecological Systems theory was formulated by the famous psychologist Urie Bronfenbrenner (1979), which states that human development is influenced by the different types of environmental systems. They help us to understand why we may behave differently when we compare our behaviour in the presence of our family, at school or at work. These systems include the micro system, mesosystem, exosystem, macro system, and chronosystem.

Micro System

The micro system locale is the direct environment we have in our lives. Our family, friends, classmates, teachers, neighbours and other people are the one’s who have direct contact with us. In this system we have direct social interactions with these social agents and so we are not simple recipients of the experiences we have when socializing with these people in the micro system environment, but we are contributing to the creation of such environment.

Mesosystem

The mesosytem involves the relationships between the microsystems in one's life. In this stage your family experience may be related to your school experience and so you may seek to

For example, if a child is neglected by his/her parents, he/she may have a low chance of developing positive attitude towards his teachers and this child may feel uncomfortable in the presence of peers and may resort to withdrawal from his/her classmates.

Exosystem

The exosystem is the setting in which there is a link between the context wherein the person does not have any active role, and the context where in is actively participating.

If a child is more attached to his father than...

References: Kendra, C. (1994). Erickson’s theory of Psychosocial Development. Retrieved April 20, 2013
From http.//www.psychology.about.com.
Bronfenbrenner, U. (1979). Discovering what families doing building a new nest for
commitment to the American Family. Retrieved April 20, 2013 from
Krohn, Marvin D., "Social Learning Theory: The Continuing Development of a Perspective",
Theorectical criminology. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
Bandura, A. (1971). Social Learning Theory. New York: General Learning Press. Retrieved on April 21, 2013 from http://www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html#sthash.SiBa4wjQ.dpuf
McLeod, S. A. (2011). Albert Bandura | Social Learning Theory. Retrieved on April 20, 2013 from http://www.simplypsychology.org/bandura.html
http://explorable.com/ecological-systems-theory. Retrieved on April 20, 2013
www.wright.edu/cola/Dept/social_work/sw_definition.htm. Retrieved on April 20, 2013
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