social welfare

Topics: Sociology, Poverty, Social work Pages: 8 (2349 words) Published: April 24, 2014
TABLE OF CONTENT

INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………….……3-4

SOCIAL WELFARE……………………………………………………………….......4

MIDGLEY’S APPROACH TO PROMOTING SOCIAL WELFARE
Social Philanthropy…………………………………………………….…………4-6 Social Work………….............................................................................................6-8 Social Policy and Social Administration..……………………...…………...…….8-9

IMPORTANCE OF SOCIAL POLICY…....….……………………………………9-10

REFERENCES………………………………...………………………………........…11

INTRODUCTION

Social welfare is commonly used to refer to the full range of organized activities of public and voluntary agencies that seek to prevent, alleviate, or contribute to the solution of a selected set of social problems. According to Midgley these include provisions for health care, education, economic development and sustenance, housing development and social well-being. (1995, 2) According to the Social Work Dictionary it is “a nation’s system of programs, benefits, and services that help people meet those social, economic, educational, and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society.” Welfare has been a reality of human for many years, however, in a less formal and structural way. Great dependency was made on the family to provide the support for its members. Of course this exacerbated the problem which resulted from poor economic conditions and social needs issues. Over the years several approaches have been developed, designed to promoting social welfare. Each approach though designed to provide welfare assistance has various aims, objectives and target groups embedded in it. Some approaches such as those to be discussed in this paper are widely adopted than others. In the first section of this paper the writer will identify and discuss the three institutionalized approaches for promoting social welfare as proposed by James Midgley. The first approach he suggested is Social Philanthropy relies of the generosities of the ‘haves’ (Those who are in possession of needed resources) to give to the ‘have nots’ (Those who do not have the needed resources). The second approach is Social Work which relies on the professional assistance of trained personnel in helping individuals, groups and communities identify their resources and guide them to sustainable development. The third approach is Social Policy and Social Administration. This approach is implemented through government decisions which provide a guide and structure to the administration of welfare. In the section of this paper the writer will provide a personal reflection of the importance of the Social Policy approach.

SOCIAL WELFARE

The term welfare is one which has been highly stigmatized and associated with the poor families, charity, hand-outs; in fact according to Midgley (1995, 13) in the United States the term is used in many instances offensively. Social Welfare according the BusinessDictionary is concerned with the “well-being of the entire society. Therefore social welfare ensures the environment is safe to live in (control in crime rates, protection of soil, air and water) access to health care, educational opportunities, and other essential services as well as one’s religious and spiritual well-being. The State plays a vital role in ensuring that the social welfare of a society is up to standard and according to Spicker (1995, 109) this is done through the establishment of policies which guides how welfare is organized and stands a “locus” to direct welfare decisions.

MIDGLEY’S APPROACH TO PROMOTING SOCIAL WELFARE

James Midgley is one who developed three institutionalized approaches to promoting social welfare in a society. The first of three approaches proposed is Social Philanthropy. The term Philanthropy is a Greek word translated to mean "love of mankind." (BusinessDictionary) This it states is an idea which refers to “any event or action that is done to better humanity and...

References: 1. Baker, 1999. Social Work Dictionary
2. Baldock, John, Nick Nanning, and Sarah Vickerstaff
(accessed on February 19, 2014)
4. Business Dictionary
(accessed on February 19, 2014)
5. Fox, Raymond.2001
7. Midgley, James. 1995. Social Development: The Developmental perspective in social
welfare
8. Sheafor, Bradford. 2011: Techniques and Guidelines for Social Work Practice 8th ed.
9. Spicker, Paul. 1995. Social Policy: Themes and Approaches. Prentice Hall/Harvester
Wheatsheaf.
10. Thomas, C.Y. 2001. Cited in Transition, Issue 31, December 2002, p.70
11. Whitmer, Gary E
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