Social stratification is a system in which society ranks categories of people in hierarchy. In the United States we group people together by status of wealth. Differences in wealth is what led to social stratification. Social Stratifications exists due to three major functions. First being Structural functionalism, next is social conflict, and lastly there is symbolic interaction. (Plummer)
Structural functionalists claim that social variation plays a dynamic role in the operation of a society. The Davis-Moore thesis states that social stratification has useful penalties for the operation of society. Davis and Moore argue that the most tasking jobs in any society are the ones necessary and require the …show more content…
Instead they argue that social stratification benefits some at the expense of others. Two theorists, Karl Marx and Max Weber, are the primary contributors to this perception. Karl Marx was a German philosopher, sociologist, economist, and revolutionary socialist (Biography). He based his theory on the idea that society has two classes of people: the bourgeoisie and the proletariat. The bourgeoisie are the holders of the means of manufacturing, like factories and mills, while the proletariat are the workers. Marx argued that the bourgeoisie give proletariats just enough pay to survive, but ultimately the workers are exploited (Plummer).
Max Weber, also a conflict theorist, agreed with Marx that social stratification causes social conflict. Unlike Marx, he describes social stratification as a multidimensional ranking rather than a hierarchy of two clearly-defined classes (Biography).
Social stratification refers to a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy. Hypothetically, we can analyze social stratification from three major perspectives. Structural functionalists argue that social stratification is beneficial for a society, while a conflict theorist would argue that, rather than benefiting society as a whole, stratification provides some people with advantages over others. Finally, a symbolic interactionist would analyze how social stratification helps us see patterns of social inequality in our everyday