Social Security Act of 1935
America's social welfare does not exist in one day, social welfare formed through serious discussions and deeply thought over 30 years. A lot of related concepts and practices were learned from Europe, and the others were from the progressive reformer. Because of economy crisis of 30’s of last century, social welfare issues became the major political problems. All these accelerated the formation of the social security act. Larry (2010) showed programs in Social Security Act of 1935 as following: Title I- Grants to States for Old-Age Assistance; Title II- Federal Old-Age Benefits; Title III- Grants to States for Unemployment Compensation Administration; Title IV- Grants to States for Aid to Dependent Children; Title V- Grants to States for Maternal and Child Welfare; Title VI- Public Health Work; Title VII- Social Security Board; Title VIII- Taxes with Respect to Employment; Title IX- Tax on Employers of Eight or More; Title X- Grants to States for Aid to the Blind; Title XI- General Provisions. The Social Security Act of 1935, this is first time to use the concept of social security, set rules for the social security contents, such as, social insurance, social welfare and social relief, etc. Social security act established the universality and sociality of social security. In the late 19th century early 20th century, the economy developing quickly in United States, gross industrial output value was higher than any other countries in 1894. Until the First World War in 1913, gross industrial output value was more than a third of the world; United States became the world's industrial leading power. Although the United States leaped into the front ranks of the world in economy filed, there was a clear lag in the social welfare legislation. There were three factors promoted the process of social welfare legislation in the United States Jill (1984). First, due to industrial revolution and technology revolution, America’s economy was...
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