“Social Sector Expenditure and Human Development Index Ranking of States in India”

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“Social Sector Expenditure and Human Development Index Ranking of States in India”
Dr. Subhash A. Jadhav*
Mr. Ranjit A. Todkar **
ABSTRACT
Social Sector Expenditure of the States is playing very significant role in socio-economic development of India in general and States in particularly. The prime objectives of social sector expenditure of the States are to improve the standard of living of the peoples and to achieve maximum social welfare. This Social Sector Expenditure in India includes expenditure on education, health and family welfare, rural water supply, women and child development, welfare of schedule cast, tribal welfare of disable and so on. This Social Sector Expenditure of the States is increasing very rapidly and continuously with the increasing population. There are various indicators and parameters which are used for the measurement of socio-economic development. These indicators are suggested by World Bank and UNDP. Human Development Index (HDI) is one of them. Under this over all background the present study is attempted to analyze the impact of Social Sector Expenditure, growth rate of GSDP on Human Resource Development by taking into consideration HDI ranking of the States, States ranking in the GSDP and raking of the States in per capita Social Sector Expenditure. The main objective of the study is to find out functional relationship between Social Sector Expenditure and HDI. The present study covers 25 years from 1981-2005 and 15 major States in India. The study is based on available secondary data. The purposive research method is used and attempts have made to find out what extent State government has succeeded in the achievements of Human Resource Development. After careful study 15 major States in India we arrived at a conclusion that the only Social Sector Expenditure alone is not adequate for the development of Human Resource; along with Social Sector Expenditure economic growth also required for Human Resource development.

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