Social Science

Topics: Sociology, Max Weber, Social stratification Pages: 5 (1380 words) Published: November 29, 2014
Rukiya Graham
November 26, 2014
Prof. Stanford
Assignment #4
Social Science and How It Connect To The World Around Us.
The social life of a human and how they interact to build relationships with each other is the study of social sciences. Humans express this through several concepts within the social sciences. In the articles “ South Sudan Hangs on Rebel’s Next Move”, by Nicholas Bariyo, “When Whites Just Don’t Get It, Part 3”, by Nicholas Kristof, “Black Candidate’s Rise in Brazil Reflects Shifting Views on Race”, by Loretta Chao, and “Scouts Rethink A Ban on Gays in a Quick Shift”, by Kirk Johnson. The authors, explains these articles by using different theories of social science which are Max Weber views on social stratification, and child development using Sigmund Freud as well as a Karl Marx theory of conflict. Throughout history people have been divided into various groups. These groups consist of, but are not limited to “race”, gender, power, and many more. Society has come to know this form of categorizing as stratification. Stratification is the sense of diversity, until one group feels superior to others. Stratification has a three class system which consists of Estates, castes, and social classes. Estate is in reference to people such as merchants, peasants and nobility. This type of stratification system was developed in Britain under a medieval social system called feudalism. A person who belongs to an estate and is status in a hierarchy, held land from lords in return for military services. In order to obtain a position in an estate a person is almost always inherited. People know who and where this person lies in the “bar”. Castes are a firm label based on birth, income, and race; although this form of stratification is typically connected with India. Social classes are when people in a faction who are similar in their economic status, personality, religions, education and their way of living. Stratification can also happen through “race”. Although there is only one race, “race” is another way people label someone by the color of their skin. Behaviorism is the focus of one's actions, not thoughts. Behaviorism is also known as bio psychological. This act is seen as a chemical stimulus in the body. In other words, the body release a chemical reaction to give off or acceleration of a psychological movement or answer. Nature is the hereditary pattern of physical features in a human being's development. These features include, but are not limited to, our personality, usual and unusual appearances and the general measurements of how humans hold the attributes of being sociable, hostile behavior, their emotions, and the usage of alcohol and drugs. On the other hand Nurture is slightly different. Nurture is the influence of the environment that plays upon the behavior and characteristics in a human.  The idea of nurture is that humans will grow up to form their personality on the way they are raised and life experiences.

In the article “South Sudan Hangs on Rebel’s Next Move”, by Nicholas Bariyo, can be analyzed by using Max Weber theory of stratification. Max Weber, a German sociologist born April 21, 1864, seen social stratification to be more than just owning property, such as industrial units. He believed that social class can be defined by power and prestige, as well as income and property. In “South Sudan Hang on Rebel’s Next Move” use this form of social stratification by using power and wealth along with the prestige and property. Research states that Weber believed social class is also formed by power which means an individual has the ability to get what they want, usually because they have money. In addition to, prestige and property means when an individual is intellectual ability and has the wealth to spend; therefore Weber theory of power and wealth intertwine with property and prestige. This article states, “Riek Machar earned a doctorate from British university… vice president in the...
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