social reaction theory

Topics: Sociology, Label, Interpretation Pages: 2 (540 words) Published: March 8, 2015
Social reaction theory is also commonly called as Labelling Theory . And I agree with this theory . Labelling theory is the theory of how the self-identity and behaviour of individuals may be determined or influenced by the terms used to describe or classify them . It is associated with the concepts of self-fulfilling prophecy and stereotyping . Labelling theory holds that deviance is not inherent to an act , but instead focuses on the tendency of majorities to negatively label minorities or those seen as deviant from standard cultural norms . One may become immoral due to such label status such as mental patient or special ed student . These labels help define not just one trait but the whole person ; they rob people of social opportunities . Young kids are labelled as at risk are also assumed to be dangerous , dishonest , unstable , violent and strange , and otherwise unsound . ‘Honor student’ is also assumed to be smart, hardworking , honest and confident . Labels improve self-image and social standing . people who are labelled with positive traits maintain those traits and those who are labelled as troublemakers and stupid and weak stigmatize the recipients of these labels and reduce self-image . Those who have accepted these labels are more prone to engage in delinquent behaviour than those whose self-image has been untarnished .

Social reaction theory explains how sustained delinquent behaviour stems from destructive social interactions and encounters . Illegal acts , including delinquent behaviour are defined by social audience reaction and not moral content of the illegal act itself . Three broad sociological classes exist that describe deviant behaviour namely, symbolic interaction and...
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