Social Problems in Thailand
World around us today are filled with problems, complications, and dilemmas. People faces problems in everyday life, but problems that people living in the same society face commonly are called social problems. Before discussing social problems in our society, we must first give criteria of how we define social problems. Firstly, the objective condition must be perceived to be a social problem publicly. That is, there must be some public outcry. People must become actively involved in discussing the problem and finding solution to solve the problem. Public attention becomes directed toward that social condition. Second, the condition must involve a gap between social ideals and social reality. That is, the condition must run counter to the values of the larger society. Thirdly, a significant proportion of the population must be involved in defining the problem. That is, large proportion of the population must be concerned about the condition. Lastly, the condition must be capable of solution through collective action by people. If no there seems to be no solution possible, people will resign themselves and must live with it.
Moreover, even though the criteria above are all met for certain conditions, there are also other factors that will determine the degree of how important this problem is. First of all, If people affected by a condition are influential, or powerful, the condition is more likely to be considered a social problem than if those affected are not influential. When a condition begins to affect the white middle class, particularly those able to influence government policy, or the content of the mass media, the chances of it being considered a social problem increase substantially. If the condition effecting only a small segment of the population, then it is not likely to be a social problem, when comparing with a condition that is effecting a larger segment of the population, as well as the increasing number of people effecting by the condition. The condition that is highlighted by the mass media and the press would also likely become a social problem rather than those that didn’t get attention from the press. However, the liberal press would select different problems than those conservatives. Finally, ideology plays an important role in determining which conditions are singled out as social problems.
In Thailand, there are many social problems arises in the past decades, some attracts more attention from the press and become widely aware of, when some might not attracts as much attention and people are still not aware of it, even the condition might be more critical. Some social problems could lead to a decline in the total welfare of the country, while some might lead to a decline in the country image and reputation.
One of the most concerning condition right now is the prostitution problem. If we want to dig down to the root of this problem, we might have to date back to the time of the abolishment of slavery. With the abolition of slavery, the slave wives disappeared. However this new "freedom" caused many women to "voluntarily" enter prostitution to earn a living. It is interesting to note that brothels were perfectly legal under the Sexual-Related Diseases Control Act at that time. Prostitutes as well as owners of brothels were systematically taxed by the state. Now, with the new laws complied that prostitution is illegal, some women still wants to enter into this profession because of poverty issue and also the expectation of owning luxury goods and better standard of living. The problem today other than the spreading of diseases is that these prostitutes that are lured or forced into the profession are lacking of workers rite. That is, without workers right, it could be said that prostitution is slavery for low-income prostitutes in local brothels. Prostitutes are permitted from going outside the brothel without permission, letters to/from the...
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