Social Phenomenon of Electronic Communication

Topics: Sociology, Mobile phone, Internet Pages: 5 (1947 words) Published: April 13, 2013
Social Phenomenon

According to John Fordyce Markey (Markey, 2007), social phenomenons are considered as including all behaviour, which influences or are influenced by organisms sufficiently alive to response to one another. This also includes influences from past generations. This paper will discuss the social phenomenon of communication and will discuss the scope of this phenomenon from beginning to present and future day. Communication has played a fundamental role within society for decades. It is used globally and within all societies to express feelings and opinions about certain situation. It plays a key role in being used as the medium for passing information from one person to the next. Communication has experienced many changes since its initial introduction to society and it as evolved quite a bit in terms of operations and technology. Society can be significantly affected by evolving communication. Chronological Order

1832 -Samuel Finley Breese Morse invents the telegraph, also known as the Morse code. Written codes appeared on a strip of paper by using pulses of current to deflect on electromagnet to move a marker on the paper. Members of congress witnessed the first communication by electric telegraph in 1844 when a message was sent and received from Washington to Baltimore. 1866 - Trans-Atlantic telegraph cable was successfully put down and operating twenty-two years after Morse code was created. The trans-Atlantic cable is a permanent electrical communications link between the old world and the new world. 1874 -Thomas Edison invents the Quadruplex telegraph. The Quadruplex telegraph is capable of sending 2 messages simultaneously in different directions. 1876 - Alexander Graham bell invents the telephone. The telephone was created when Bell was trying to create a multiple telegraph, when doing so; he noticed he could hear sound through the wire. The sound he heard was one of a clock ticking. The first words spoken over the telephone were from Graham Bell to his assistant, “Mr. Watson – come here – I want to see you.” 1929 - Television invented by Philo Farnsworth. Farnsworth was experimenting with an electrical pickup and image-scanning device called, the Image Dissector. In 1927 the first long-distance transmission was sent of a live picture and voice simultaneously. 1932 - Computer is invented. Gustav Tauschek created the first magnetic drum memory in Austria. 1969 - Internet is created. From the contributions of J.C.R. Licklider, Leonard Kleinrock, and Lawrence Roberts, the Internet was created under the name of ARPANET in 1969. The Advanced Research Projects Agency took the Internet under contract and went online in December 1969. 1978 - First email was sent. Ray Tomlinson, a computer engineer, invented an Internet based email in 1971. The email is the ability to send simple messages to another person across the network immediately. 1986 - Cellular telephones began. The cellular phone is a type of wireless communication. It is called a cellular phone because many base stations are used to divide a service area into multiple cells. AT&T was the first cellular phone company in 1947. At this date, an operator connected incoming and outgoing calls. 1992 - The first text message was sent. SMS (short message service) messaging was first used December 3, 1992, when Neil Papsworth, a 22 year old test engineer, used a personal computer to send the text message “Merry Christmas” through the Vodafone network to the phone of his friend, Richard Jarvis. 1997 - First social networking site was created. A social networking website is defined as a web-based service that allows people to construct a public or semi-public profile, add a list of other users, and view other’s profiles. The first social network was This social website promoted itself as a tool to help people connect with and send messages to others. 2011 - 3.1 billion email users. In today’s...
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