Social learning theory was derived in an attempt by Robert Sears and other scholars to merge psychoanalytic with stimulus-response learning theory and Albert Bandura extended it. From his viewpoint, social behavior is learned primarily by observing and imitating the actions of others. The social behavior is also influenced by being rewarded and/or punished for these actions. Moreover, his approach emphasized cognitive and information-processing capabilities that facilitate social behavior. But Bandura didn’t consider the culture. The behaviour acceptance change over time. It can change as a result of change in a society. For example, 30 years ago divorce was not the social norm and was considered socially unacceptable, unlike today where it is more accepted. So even though we observed that it wasn’t an accepted action, but now we accept it easily, though there would be some disapproval against doing it. Moreover, Bandura believed that a person’s behaviour, environment, and personal qualities all reciprocally influence each other. Human learning takes place as individuals’ abstract information from observing behavior of others, but mutual acceptance is necessary for the behavior to be reoccurring. If the child does not receive the approval that he/she is searching for , there is a change in behavior. But it didn’t explain the cases as a child who falls into the habit of robbing, even though there is no approval and mostly punishment for that, yet he would continue doing it. Furthermore Bandura emphasized on Social learning theory as one which can help create more effective classroom environments. By considering teacher as a model and encouraging the students to adopt the position of the observer, the teacher can make knowledge and practices explicit to students, enhancing their learning outcomes. However he didn’t take into consideration the abstract subjects for learning like mathematics.
While the individual’s innate ability and biological differences play...
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