Social Development

Topics: Sociology, Infrastructure, Social development theory Pages: 6 (1892 words) Published: March 16, 2013
This paper is an attempt to discuss the Speed of Social development and growth increases as awareness of opportunities spreads, aspiration increases, conscious knowledge of organization grows, attitudes become progressive, and infrastructure is put in place. The paper begins by defining social development and other terminologies and then discusses the statement. The conclusion is drawn in line with whether the statement is correct. Social development is defined in its broadest social terms as an upward directional movement of society from lesser to greater levels of energy, efficiency, quality, productivity, complexity, comprehension, creativity, choice, mastery, enjoyment and accomplishment. Development of individuals and societies results in increasing freedom of choice and increasing capacity to fulfill its choices by its own capacity and initiative. International Commission on Peace and Food (1994:163) explains that development is a process of social change, not merely a set of policies and programs instituted for some specific results. This process has been going on since the dawn of history. Development is governed by many factors that influence the results of developmental efforts. There must be a motive that drives the social change and essential preconditions for that change to occur. The motive must be powerful enough to overcome obstructions that impede that change from occurring. Development also needs resources such as capital and technology and the availability of supporting infrastructures. Development is the result of society's capacity to organize human energies and productive resources in order to meet the challenges and opportunities that life presents society with all the times. Society passes through well-defined stages in the course of its development. They are nomadic hunting and gathering, rural agrarian, urban, commercial, industrial and post-industrial societies. Pioneers introduce new ideas, practices and habits which are resisted in the beginning by the conservative element in society. At a later stage the innovations are accepted, imitated, organized and made use of by other members of the community. The pace and scope for development varies according to the stage that society is in during the developmental process. The three main stages are physical, vital and mental and all these three have their own unique characteristics. Infrastructure implies the basic physical systems of a country's or community's population, including roads, utilities, water, and sewage. These systems are considered essential for enabling productivity in the economy. Developing infrastructure often requires large initial investment, but the economies of scale tend to be significant. Organization is the human capacity to harness all available information, knowledge, resources, technology, infrastructure and human skills to exploit new opportunities and to face challenges and hurdles that come in the way of progress. Development comes through improvements in the human capacity for organisation. In other words, development comes through emergence of better organisations that enhance society's capacity to make use of opportunities and face challenges. The development of organisations may come through the formulation of new laws and regulations or through new systems. Each new progress that society achieves comes with a corresponding new organisation that emerges on the scene. Each new developmental advance that society makes is accompanied by new or more suitable organisations that facilitate that advance. On many occasions the existing inadequate organisation is forced to change itself to be in tune with the new development. The process of development occurs by the creation of higher levels of organisation in society capable of accomplishing greater acts with more efficient use of social energies. Society develops by organising all the knowledge, human energies and material resources at its disposal to fulfill its...
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