During the first year of a child’s life, their social development is through interaction with mostly their main carer. The child is only focused on their own needs for warmth, food, drink, etc. They play mainly alone and may need to be led in activities by an adult. They are reassured by a close adult presence and they begin to respond to familiar faces.
A child’s physical development during the first year is very rapid. They sleep a lot and grow very fast, developing gross motor skills first (rolling over, sitting) and some fine motor skills as they approach a year old. They enjoy games involving their hands and will explore their surroundings by putting everything in …show more content…
They will begin to use sentences although will often use the wrong rules while doing so, for example they may say ‘I goed’ instead of ‘I went’.
Children will be starting to understand that their actions can cause reactions in others, and they will also be learning that other people have feelings just like their own. As they are only just discovering how to express themselves they will often have temper tantrums as they struggle to make their feelings known to others.
As the children develop a sense of right and wrong and of fairness, they should be encouraged by positive reinforcement, and by praise when they share, rather than telling off and always addressing negative behaviours. Temper tantrums are common as they learn to express themselves and are not really a cause for concern although can be a nuisance.
Child Aged 3-5 …show more content…
Toilet training will be going well, with them being mostly dry although they may still have the occasional accident. Their fine motor skill will have developed steadily, and they may even begin to use more complex equipment like scissors. They enjoy being active and playing games that involve running, singing and/or dancing.
At this age, children will be able to understand and follow a simple series of instructions and remember a simple sequence of events. They will know their basic colours/numbers/letters and will be capable of building more complex creations with bricks. They enjoy role play games and by playing them they will develop a better memory and understanding of the world around them. They will by now have their own set of likes and dislikes and will begin to better appreciate the difference between right and wrong.
Their speech will be becoming clearer and they will be using words in their correct order and with the correct rules. Their vocabulary will be growing rapidly and they will be very interested in communicating their ideas to others. They may still prefer to communicate their ideas through demonstration, but their vocabulary will be better equipped to describe their