To know about social classes in a prose (Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass), it is a duty knowing about what sociological criticism is firstly.
Sociological Criticism is one of the family literary criticisms that directed to analyze literary work in a larger social context. It codifies the literary strategies that are employed to reflect social constructs through a sociological methodology. Sociological criticism analyzes both how the social functions in literature and how literature works in a society. In the other simplicity words a literary work or any other art work has a function as systematic reflections of society and societal behavior, because literature can be seen as a social indication. A literary work had written at an era directly connected with norms and culture at that time. An author is writing also as a people of that era.
This paper focuses about the position or portion the author in society, how deep the connection between literary texts and society composition. Wellek and Werren said “literature is an expression of society”, means a society wanted or not have to reflect and express their life, (1990: 110). Douglass’s Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass reflects and expresses his life as the black man, as the second class in social classes of society at that time. He wrote his masterpiece of his journey of life as a slave. Douglass’s Narrative of the life of Frederick Douglass showed of social classes at that time and the cruelty effect.
Social classes or social stratification in sociology is a concept involving classification of people into groups based on shared socio-economic conditions a relational set of inequalities with economic, social, political, race and ideological dimensions. When differences lead to greater status, power or privilege for some groups over the other it is called Social Stratification. It is a