UNIT 10: Promote Equality and Inclusion in Health, Social care or Children’s and Young Peoples settings
1. Understand the importance of diversity, inclusion and equality
1.1. Explanation of diversity, equality and inclusion
a) Diversity refers to the fact that we are all different. All the people are unique in their own way. Some of people are male or female, some are tall, some short, some people have dark skin, some light. People differences also could consist of their reading level, athletic ability, cultural background, personality, religious beliefs, and etc. It means that people comes from different cultural backgrounds, different faiths, and different family groupings. And they have different learning styles, different personalities, and etc. Because we are all different from each other, every institution which is taking care of children must be prepared to work with different kids. A diversity approach aims to recognise, value and manage difference between children and also to contribute and realise their full potential. b) Equal means treating everyone exactly the same. But when children have learning disabilities, treating them exactly the same as the other kids is not really fair. In my opinion equality means that al the people should have equal access and equal opportunities to learn and be successful regardless of race, religion, gender and ability. In addition, equality is not about treating everyone in the same way, but it recognises that their needs are met in different ways. (Equality Act 2006) c) Inclusion is the practice of including differently abled learners into a mainstream classroom or the same institution of children with primarily standard abilities. And it is about equal opportunities for all pupils, whatever their age, gender, ethnicity, attainment and background. Accepting and embracing all differences includes everyone in the practice and all activities. Example: providing lavatory facilities for disable person, interpreter service for different languages people.
1.2. Potential effects of discrimination
Discrimination refers to the practice of treating someone differently due to characteristics beyond their control, or for which they should not be treated in a negative manner. Some people discriminate against others because of their gender, their colour, of their skin or the age. Some people may discriminate against someone because they are come from a background of poverty, or wealth, or they may not like the culture the other people come from. The Disability Discrimination Act 1995 sets out two main duties for childcare providers: ‘If our play work with disabled and non-disabled children is to be child centred, our management needs to be person centred, not merely meeting individual needs but drawing on individual talents. This is a demanding and exciting way of working not to treat a child with disabilities 'less favourably' to make 'reasonable adjustments' for children with disabilities’. Potential effects of discrimination:
Emotional: lack of confidence, feel not secure in the community, becoming withdrawn, depression, stress, anxiety, low self esteem, changes in behaviour, learning difficulties and etc. Social: isolation, becoming withdrawn, unrecognized as an individual, lack of friends, feel like a stranger and inability to build relationships. Intellectual effects: restricted access to education, poor performance in examinations, lack of achievements, poor job prospects, lack of skills, self-fulfilling prophecy, loss of motivation, lack of interest in anything and absence from work. Physical: headaches, changes in eating habits, sleeping disorders, poor appetite, loss or gain of weight, deterioration of health, bruises, lack of personal hygiene and lack of energy, self – harm (unexplained injuries).
1.3. Explain how inclusive practice promotes equality and supports diversity Children and young people must have the opportunity to live a valuable live. Inclusion is a...
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