Another limitation of social planning is the lack of social engagement and poor planning in specific areas of cities and communities. For example, the review written by Gleeson & Randolph (2002) reflects on social disadvantage in western Sydney and policies that attempt to address this. Moreover, it is argued that the lack of knowledge in understanding patterns of urban disadvantage affect the policy making in these areas. Therefore there is a strong need of australian policy makers to improve and generate locally appropriate policy responses. However, Gleeson & Randolph (2002) further argue that the social disadvantage in western Sydney is worsening especially in terms of infrastructure, unemployment, public housing, education and so on. In sum, the social planning process needs to be more consultative with the community and recognise the specific needs in areas where improvement is needed.
Moreover, in order to overcome these limitations and strengthen the contribution of social planning to positive social change it is important to acknowledge the areas where social planning is poor and to focus on social inclusion. For instance, the Metropolitan Plan for Sydney (2010) emphasises the importance of social inclusion as