SO WHY IS GHANA AN LEDC?
BY: MOHAMMAD NESAR SAFFI 9H
UNITED ARAB EMIRATES
VICTORIA ENGLISH SCHOOL
Ghana, officially called the Republic of Ghana, is a sovereign multinational state and unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the sub region of West Africa. Ghana is the 82nd largest country in the world and 33rd largest country on continental Africa by land mass, and Ghana has a land mass of 238,535 km2, with 2,093 kilometres of international land borders. The country is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana is an LEDC because of certain factors.
The history of Ghana goes far back into the 13th century. The Republic of Ghana was formerly known as the Gold Coast until March 6th 1957, when it was liberated from the hands of the British. It is believed that the ancient people migrated from the Ghana Empire, which is several hundred miles to the northwest of the Country Ghana. This is the southern part of today Mauritania and the western side of Mali. The history of Ghana has gone through a series of metamorphosis with lot of theories from academics and ancient tales. ARRIVAL OF THE WHITES
The Portuguese were the first white merchants to arrive in Gold Coast in the 15th century to trade mainly in Gold, Diamonds, Ivory, just to name a few and most importantly Slaves. In 1842, a year after their arrival, built the first castle in Gold Coast, called the Elmina Castle (Sao Jorge da Mina) and a second one also known as Fort St. Anthony at Axim, a small fishing town in the Western Region. The Dutch joined them in 1598 for the same results or rewards and more. They also built forts at Komenda and Kormantsi all in the central region. By 1637, the Dutch had enough power to stop the Portuguese from monopolizing business by overthrowing them and taking possession of...
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