This profile envisages the establishment of a snake farm for the production of venom with a capacity of 100 gm per annum. The present demand for the proposed product is estimated at 5,500 kg per annum. The demand is expected to reach at 11,434 kg by the year 2022. The plant will create employment opportunities for 27 persons. Venom is a poison of animal origin usually restricted to poisons that are administered by biting or stinging. The most familiar venomous animals are certain snakes and insects.
Snake venous are complex mixture of enzymatic proteins and different toxins. Venom is extracted for the production of anti-venom serum, which in turn is effective in the treatment of ailments like cholera, small pox, typhoid, hepatitis and rabies. The anti- venom serum is also careful antidote to snake bite Apart from the production of the anti-serum, the snake farm, serves other important functions as well. It plays a major role in educating the public about snake and their ecology. Furthermore, snake meat is very nutritious, high in protein, minerals, and good for the blood. A kilogram of snake meat can be sold from USD 16 to 29. Therefore, meat could be another product of the snake farm.
Snake venom is highly modified saliva that is produced by special glands of certain species of snakes. The gland which secretes the zootoxin is a modification of the parotid salivary gland of other vertebrates, and is usually situated on each side of the head below and behind the eye, invested in a muscular sheath. It is provided with large alveoli in which the venom is stored before being conveyed by a duct to the base of the channeled or tubular fang through which it is ejected. Snake venom is a combination of many different proteins and enzymes. Many of these proteins are harmless to humans, but some are