Small Scale Industries
The Ministry of Small Scale Industries (SSI) is a defunct Indian government ministry. It was merged with the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries to form the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises. The ministry was tasked with the promotion of micro and small enterprises (MSEs). The Ministry of Small Scale Industries and Agro and Rural Industries (SSI&ARI) was created in October 1999. In September 2001, the ministry was split into the Ministry of Small Scale Industries (SSI) and the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries (ARI). The Ministry of Small Scale Industries merged with the Ministry of Agro and Rural Industries to form the Ministry of Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises in 2007 The Small Industries Development Organization (SIDO) was under the control of the ministry, as was the public sector undertakings National Small Industries Corporation Limited (NSIC).
The Small Industries Development Organisation
It is the Office of the Development Commissioner for Small Scale Industries. SIDO was established in 1954 on the basis of the recommendations of the Ford Foundation. It has over 60 offices and 21 autonomous bodies under its management. These autonomous bodies include Tool Rooms, Training Institutions and Project-cum-Process Development Centres. Various Services provided by SIDO to the SMEs:-
facilities for testing, toolmenting, training for entrepreneurship development •
preparation of project and product profiles
technical and managerial consultancy
assistance for exports
pollution and energy audits
SIDO also provides economic information services and advises Government in policy formulation for the promotion and development of SSIs. The field offices also work as effective links between the Central and the State Governments. Indian Government Ministry
The Government of India, officially known as the Union Government, and also known as the Central Government, was established by the Constitution of India, and is the governing authority of the union of 28 states and seven union territories, collectively called the Republic of India. It is based in New Delhi, the capital of India. The basic civil and criminal laws governing the citizens of India are set down in major parliamentary legislation, such as the Civil Procedure Code, the Indian Penal Code, and the Criminal Procedure Code. The union and individual state governments all each consist of executive, legislative and judicial branches. The legal system as applicable to the federal and individual state governments is based on the English Common and Statutory Law. India accepts International Court of Justice jurisdiction, albeit with several reservations. By the 73rd and 74th amendments to the constitution, the Panchayati Raj system has become an institution for local governance. The legislature is known as the 'Parliament', a term inherited from the United Kingdom. It is bicameral, consisting of two houses: •
the directly elected 552-member Lok Sabha ("House of the People"), the lower house, and •
the 245-member indirectly elected and appointed Rajya Sabha ("Council of States"), the upper house. The Parliament enjoys parliamentary supremacy. All the members of the Council of Ministers as well as the Prime Minister must also be members of Parliament (MPs). If they are not, they must be elected within a period of six months from the time they assume their respective office. The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are responsible to the Lok Sabha collectively. Collective responsibility
The Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers are jointly accountable to the Lok Sabha. If there is a policy failure or lapse on the part of the government, all the members of the council are jointly responsible. If a vote of no confidence is passed against the government, then the government collapses and a new one must be formed. Executive...
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