English 324, Writing in the Sciences
Literature Review of Sleep Deprivation
Sleep deprivation is a pattern of sleeping where an individual fails to get enough sleep during the night. On average, adults need seven to eight hours, were teens and children need an average of nine hours of sleep to feel well rested (1). Numerous literatures expand on the topic of sleep deprivation and the effects it has on the human body. This literature can be divided into three parts: 1) studies that show how sleep deprivation causes changes in learning, memory, and mood, 2) studies that show an association between REM sleep and learning/memory, and 3) studies that describe the various sleeping disorders and the treatments for them and strategies that can help.
Changes in Learning, Memory, and Mood in Regards to Sleep Deprivation
An article published by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine states one in five adults fail to get enough sleep during the night. Those who are sleep deprived show changes in mood, learning memory, and eventually see a decline in health. Symptoms vary, but the most consistent are anxiety, lack of motivation, and some level of depression. Individuals may experience lack of concentration and energy as well as fatigue, restlessness, lack of coordination and poor decision-making. Sleep deprivation had been associated with and increase risk for high blood pressure, obesity, heart attacks, and diabetes (1). Recent studies have explored how sleep and mood are significantly linked. Trouble sleeping is identified by researchers to have an impact on mood and is one of the first symptoms of depression (2). Prior research done on sleep deprivation studied full time workers and concluded that workers who show signs of stress in the work place are more likely to have trouble sleeping (3). The same results are seen in people who study and work. They report their sleepiness worsens over the evening school hours. Results show the burden of...
References: 5) Matta, C. 8 Effects of sleep deprivation on your health. Psych Central. [Internet.] 1995-Feb 13, 2013. [cited 2013 October 14]; Available from http://psychcentral.com/blog/archives/2013/02/13/8-effects-of-sleep-deprivation-on-your-health/
6) Maquet, P
7) Rasch, B., & Born, J. About sleep 's role in memory. [Internet]. 2013. [cited 2013 October 14]; Available from http://physrev.physiology.org/content/93/2/681.abstract
8) Drosopoulos, S.,Wagner, U., Born, J
11) NHLBI. What are sleep deprivation and deficiency?. [Internet.] Feb 22, 2012. [cited 2013 October 14]; Available from http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/sdd/printall-index.html
12) Krystal, A
15) Stickgold, R. Sleep and Memory. Division of sleep medicine at Harvard medical school. [Internet.] Dec 16, 2008. [cited 2013 October 14]; Available from http://healthysleep.med.harvard.edu/need-sleep/whats-in-it-for-you/memory
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