Preview

Slavery: The Only Cause Of The Civil War

Better Essays
Open Document
Open Document
1377 Words
Grammar
Grammar
Plagiarism
Plagiarism
Writing
Writing
Score
Score
Slavery: The Only Cause Of The Civil War
Albert Dietrich once wrote, “There are perhaps many causes worth dying for, but to me, certainly, there are none worth killing for” (36). When many think of what caused the Civil War, the first thing that pops into their head is slavery. This is what they teach us in elementary school. Every kid is taught about the North, the South, slavery, and Abraham Lincoln, but there was so much more to the Civil War than what was taught back then. First, slavery was not the only cause of the Civil War. There were many other issues besides slavery that had equal if not more influence on the start of the war. Two of these additional causes of the war, which began tensions between these two sides long before slavery, were politics and the economy. Politics …show more content…
They believed that the central government should not be able to make laws that affect every state. Each state should have be able to make their own laws and be able to govern themselves, in the opinion of the Confederacy. This is why when they thought their constitutional rights were being violated and slavery was coming to an end, they decided to secede from the union. They believed that if they seceded that they could govern themselves and the state would have control. This can be seen in that after they seceded each state had its own standing army rather than one with contributions from each state (Conradofontanilla. "Political and Economic Causes of the American Civil War."). On the opposite side were those in the Union. They believed that there should be a strong centralized government to keep the Union together and in sync. They viewed the nation as one big state rather than a bunch of states forced to cooperate under one leader as the south did. Due to this fact, Abraham Lincoln had never originally planned to end slavery. He believed that the Constitution did not provide the federal government with the authority to end slavery (05/31/13, Eric Black). He …show more content…
In the Union their economy was mainly dependent on industry. Due to this many of their cities and factories were connected by railroads. With their economy so heavily riding on factories and immigrant workers they had no need for slaves and by the time of the Civil War slavery had died off there for the most part. Due to this fact they felt that slavery was an unnecessary construct. Walt Whitman who worked as a nurse during the Civil War, wrote a poem that greatly reflected the idealistic nature of the North “I Hear America Singing” in which he goes through the jobs of people in the North and how he hears them “sing”. He mentions mechanics, a mason, a carpenter and many more, however never once mentions slaves or the fact that had only two years earlier been in a horrific war that threatened to tear the nation apart (Whitman 260). The Confederacy was almost the exact opposite when it came their economy. The economy of the South mainly relied on agriculture. In fact, their main crop was cotton. They believed themselves so secure with this crop as their mainstay that they actually referred to it as “King Cotton”. Even with their economic boom beginning to slow down in 1860 and the North’s holding steady, they believed that all they needed was the cotton to get them through. The only problem was that they needed the industry in the North to refine and transport the cotton. The North had trains and other

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    The American Civil War, also known as the War Between the States, the War of Rebellion, or the War for the Southern Independence, began on April 12, 1861. The first shot ringed through the air in Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, South Carolina. General P.G.T. Beauregard from the Congederacy lead the attack on Charleston Harbor. The Civil War lasted until the last Confederate Army surrendered with more than 600,000 lives destroyed $5 billion in property damage and 4 million black salves set free the war had devastated many lives but also started a new beginning.…

    • 364 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Southerns believed that they had no choice but to separate from the Union. The South was isolated from the North politically, economically, and socially. They no longer felt any strong bond or connection to the northerners. They saw their way of life beginning to crumble all around them, climaxing in the elections of 1860. Lincoln's election was the straw that broke the camel's back, and the southern states decided to secede. This probably would have been almost impossible to prevent. Douglas came closest with his doctrine of popular sovereignty. Under this system, slavery could flourish or be abolished: it was up to the people in the states to decide. However, this idea didn't work because neither side was willing to compromise on so important…

    • 157 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    This paper sets out to define or shed some light on the possible reasons of the separation of Confederate states from the Union. The North believed the highest power belonged to the federal government while the South believed that each state governed itself, and the question of slavery should be decided by the states not by the federal government. By examining these two points we may be able to get a clear understanding of popular opinions and mindsets that would cause a nation to war against itself. With the election of Abraham Lincoln on November 6, 1860 South Carolina saw the only recourse was to secede from the…

    • 1113 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason why the Civil War was started and fought.Slavery was the overall reason…

    • 397 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    First of all, to make it clear, it is not wrong that slavery was the cause of the Civil War. As John C. Calhoun stated on March 4, 1850, “the subject of slavery would, if not prevented by some timely and effective measure, end in disunion… adopt some measure to prevent so great a disaster, but without success…

    • 633 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    There are many causes that led to the separation of the North and the South, but the one idea at the root of it all was slavery. Slavery was the practice that ultimately divided the North and the South without the hopes of any peaceful reconciliation. The United States of America was split in two, and both sides thought they were right. It was hard for a compromise to be reached because both sides were no longer working under a common goal. Slavery was the main reason the free Northern states and the slave Southern states divided, but it was the other issues that were caused by the issue of slavery that pushed the United States into the Civil War. They were separated and had different ideas about the way this conflict should be resolved. Slavery…

    • 170 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Many factors led to the occurrence of the American Civil War. The key issues were slavery, different political ideologies, right of the people, and economic reasons. However, the key reasons that lead to the Civil War was slavery. Slavery is touted as the main cause of the conflict between the states in the northern part and those in the south. To date, slavery is still considered the worst human tragedy to have occurred in the United States. Abraham Lincoln himself pointed out that slavery was the root cause of the Civil War because of increase in tension within the country. The north and southern states had reached a critical point that could not lead to a compromise.1 The southern confederate states supported slavery while the northern states opposed it; hence, called for its abolition. Consequently, the only way to stop the tussle resulted into the civil violence. The difference in stand concerning slavery between the northern and southern states resulted in an outbreak of the Civil War. Nevertheless, slavery was a ticking bomb in the United States dating as early as the 1800s when the earliest movements against slavery began forming. The main reason the southern states protected slavery was because they depended on slaves for their economic growth. Plantation owners saw slavery as their source of wealth for the slave labor sustained their plantations. The agricultural activities included growing cotton and tobacco and subsequent exportation. The political leaders in the southern states also owned large plantations; hence, the call for the continuation of slavery, in the southern states was unanimous. In contrast, the northern states were highly industrialized, believed in equality among all people, called for dignity, and an angle of competition between the northern and southern states existed.…

    • 1495 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Better Essays

    Those who may say that slavery was the main cause of the Civil War fail to realize that its was many problems that arose before the freedom of slaves was even questioned . Slavery became the topic during the war not before .…

    • 962 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    The American Civil War was the bloodiest war fought on American soil. It was also the saddest war for the same reason. Countryman against countryman, brother against brother; a war no American would have ever dreamed might be possible. But it happened. It was a war fought not only to abolish slavery, but to gain back the Southern states that had succeeded from the Union. While the North wanted only to preserve the Union and Democracy, the South believed that succession was the only way to prevent the North from taking away their rights; their rights to free labor, i.e., slavery. Democracy meant freedom for all. Southern states depended on slave labor and many could not afford to pay laborers to work their farms; their livelihood would be on the brink of collapsing. The North was becoming too strong!…

    • 913 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    It is said that the roots of the Civil War, which was fought, no matter the other theories, over the big problem of slavery, were implanted in the compromises of the Constitution on the controversy. That is likely to be true. Slavery, which began in cruelty and disorder in the kidnapping, shipping, and exchange of human capital, unfortunately required violence to eventually put a stop to it. After the travesty of the Revolutionary War and the strife in the U.S. because of the Articles, a moment of reconciliation and reconstruction was necessary to make the nation strong enough to a place where it could endure a civil war. The biggest misfortune is that in the almost 100 years from the start of the Revolutionary War and the ending of the Civil…

    • 146 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    On the path to equality for African Americans the civil war was a key event in history that lead to a constitutional amendment that abolished slavery in the United States of America. To begin, the civil war was an event caused by long standing tensions among the Northern and Southern states. The constant disagreements about American life and politics surrounding slavery was the main focus of the war. The war was fueled by many events like the compromise of 1850 that allowed for cloudy description of runaway slaves to be used to identify and recover them. Consequently, many free backs were forced to go into a life of slavery and these acts increased the unease regarding slavery. Furthermore, growing sectionalism tension were also escalated by…

    • 265 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Better Essays

    Battle of Gettysburg

    • 1627 Words
    • 7 Pages

    The Union economy was based on manufacturing, and even the minorities in the North were better off than those in the South most of the time. The Northern politicians wanted tariffs, and a large army. The Southern plantation owners wanted the exact opposite.…

    • 1627 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    slavery in the civil war

    • 482 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Slavery was a major turning point in the civil war. Slavery is when one person owns another person. This was a big issue at its time. The south also known as the confederate states of America and the north also known as the United States or the union had fought over slavery. The north was against slavery and the south was ok with slavery.…

    • 482 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Apple

    • 1346 Words
    • 6 Pages

    Although slavery was the main reason for the Civil War being started there were a few other reasons that sparked the war. There was when, Abraham Lincoln was elected as president, a lot of southerners didn’t like that because he didn’t agree with slavery. There was also the reason that for the new states being omitted at that time should be able to have slavery, and of course the…

    • 1346 Words
    • 6 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    World War 1

    • 692 Words
    • 3 Pages

    After the constitution was adopted by all of the states in 1789, uniting the states into one nation, differences between the states had been worked out through compromises. For more than 30 years arguments between the North and South had been growing. By 1861 these differences between the Northern states and the Southern states had become so great that compromise would no longer work. Thus, a conflict started within our nation that was called the civil war (1861-1865). The American Civil War was a series of political, cultural, and economic differences within the nation that when clashed, lead to a four-year period of hostility and instability. Although most media portrays slavery as the main cause of the civil war, it was really an economic competition within the two sections that created Northern determination to achieve its abolition, and Southern perseverance to maintain its institution. It is safe to say that the need for slavery was a product of the Southern plantation economy, thus, it is then safe to say that slavery was the result of an economic rivalry that tore the two regions apart, and incited the final flame of the Civil war. After reviewing the distinct economic systems by which each of the sections lived by, it can be better understood how slavery was not the direct cause of the conflict, but rather the most intense aftermath that overwhelmed, and broke apart the country.…

    • 692 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays