Slavery in the North Failed Because of Its Economic Structure

Topics: Slavery in the United States, Slavery, American Civil War Pages: 14 (4919 words) Published: June 24, 2013
Slavery was a disgraceful part of our history for many years. Its start grew from a need for a labor source in the new and growing America. The Southern economy thrived from slave labor whereas the North did not rely on the labor of slaves. This paper will prove that slavery failed in the North because in the North there was no need for large labor to support the economic structure compared to the South where slavery was needed to support their economy. There are three main points that will be used to support this. They are; Northern industry and Southern industry were very different, the slave population was smaller in the North because of the different economy in the North, and the smaller slave population and less need for slavery in the North led the North to abolish slavery before the South. Northern industry and Southern industry were very different:

The Northern and Southern industry were two very different industries. The northern states include Massachusetts, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania and Delaware. In these states, the major economic industry was fishing, whale products, timber and wheat products (Aboukhadijeh, 2013) . These industries did not require a large labor source. The Southern states would be Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia. In the Southern states, the major economic industry was tobacco, wheat, indigo and rice (Aboukhadijeh, 2013). According to the U. S. Census, the population of the United States in 1860 was approximately 31,443,321. Approximately 23,000,000 were from the North and 9,000,000 were from the South. Out of the 9,000,000 population from the South, 3,500,000 were slaves. In the North, money was made from manufacturing and industry. The North produced 75% of the nation’s wealth. In the South, there was not much manufacturing. Instead, most of the people were farmers. Money in the South came from agricultural crops, like cotton, rice, sugar cane and tobacco. Slaves were a very important part of this agricultural society (Sheldon) . All of these crops rely heavily on large amounts of labor.

There were two views of slavery that stemmed from the North and the South. In the North, there were many more abolitionists because they did not rely heavily on slaves to make a living and to support their economy. Abolitionist argument for freeing slaves was that slavery was immoral and cruel, they were fearful of revolts of slaves and there was an irony that the colonist were fighting for their freedom from Britain, yet they were enslaving and not giving basic human rights to African Americans (Garcia, 2013) . Although these were all sound arguments, it took centuries for slavery to finally end. It took so many years for slavery to end because there were many people against slavery but there were also defenders of slavery. Those who defended slavery used five main arguments. First, they argued that the economy would fall if slavery were ended. Next, they argued that there would be widespread chaos and unemployment. They also argued that it was not morally wrong because it happened all through history and even in the bible. Defenders of slavery argued that the Dred Scott case decided that slaves were property. Lastly, defenders of slavery argued that it was actually helping civilize Africans and introducing them to civilized life and Christianity (Independence Hall Association, 2013). Thomas Jefferson described slavery as “a wolf by the ear, and we can neither hold him, nor safely let him go (The Thomas Jefferson Foundation, 2012) .” Jefferson explanation of slavery is an explanation of the institution of slavery and why it was able to last so long in America. The slave population was smaller in the North because of the different economy in the North:

There was less of a need for slavery in the North because the economy was different in the North. There were still...

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