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Topic: What was Realpolitik? Evaluate the political leaders after 1850 to determine whether they upheld this idea.

Realpolitik is the idea of doing what is good for your country, and not caring about the affect it has on other countries. Throughout 1850, there was a series of leaders that upheld the idea of Realpolitik. Europe was going through many crisis’s during this time, poverty was high and the economy was very bad. Leaders were just fighting for ways to help out their countries that were in need of an alliance system or political reforms. Realpolitik was really the centerpiece of this century, leaders not knowing all of this was just the start of problems.

The emergence of Realpolitik occurred in 1848, revolutions by the civilians failed epically which led to the unifications of Germany and Italy. Disputes over land and religion, led to the first war of this time, the Crimean war. Dispute over control within holy places in Turkish-ruled Jerusalem brought France (supporter of Catholics) and Russia (supporter of Orthodox clergy) into controversy over Turkey. The Tsar at that time, which was Tsar Nicholas I saw a perfect opportunity to gain access to the Mediterranean Sea through Turkey. In doing this, it made Austria feel threatened by the expansion of the Russian empire.

Cavour was a realist guided by dictators of political power. He believed that good diplomacy and well-chosen alliances were more useful than big proclamations and romantic rebellions. Cavour invented the idea of Realpolitik, in other words the politics of reality. Cavour launched an ambitious economic program that included building railroads and expanding economy. Cavour understood that Austria was the biggest obstacle to Italian unity; in order to set aside that obstacle he formed an alliance with Napoleon III, to take Austria out of Northern Italy. French and Piedmont forces defeated the Austrians, Meanwhile, Italian nationalists set up revolts across Northern

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