December 4, 2014
Humans have been hunting and consuming animals for more than a millennia. The methods they used to kill the animals, though, have been completely different through the ages. For a good portion of that time, humans killed the animals by simply shooting them or stabbing them, quick and easy. Now, we have created factories known as slaughterhouses. Many people that have seen what goes on in these factories consider what some of the workers do to be very inhumane.
According to the article “Meat and Milk Factories” by Peter Singer and Jim Mason, for years, pig production had been a big part of the slaughterhouses, but as time went on, the demand for pork went up. In 1975, pig production was at sixty-nine million a year; in 2004, pig production skyrocketed to one hundred three million pigs. The increase in pigs caused environmental problems because the average adult pig produces four times as much waste as an adult human. With the amount of pigs in each farm (for example, a farm in Nebraska has over forty-eight thousand pigs), and their waste leaking into nearby bodies of water, many fish and other animals were killed.
Pigs like to move around and explore their environment in the wild which they are unable to do that in captivity because of how cramped the pens are. On one farm in Nebraska, there are over forty-eight thousand pigs in only twenty-four barns (Mason and Singer 339). The video “Torture Inside Slaughterhouses Suffering Untold (The Ugliest Methods of Torture) Not for Weak
Hearts” shows that this environment causes pigs to develop open sores. When a pig is pregnant, it is kept in a gestational crate which is barely bigger than their body.
Following birth, the babies are immediately castrated and have their tails cut off without anesthesia. To make the pigs move, the workers kick, hit, and yell at them. Many of the pigs die from mutilation. If the pig is sick, injured, or has not been growing as fast as the other pigs, it is killed. Pigs tend to live for only five to six months. The most popular ways to kill the pigs include throwing the pigs into bins and painfully gassing them with carbon dioxide, slamming their head on the floor, and being hung on a forklift and suffocated (“Torture”).
With chickens used to produce eggs, directly after birth, the males and females are separated and the males are killed because they don’t lay eggs. To kill them, they are either thrown into giant grinding machines or thrown into trash bags and suffocated. With the females, to avoid pecking in overcrowded pens, the tips of their beaks are cut off which causes acute and chronic pain. When they are grown to a certain size, they are moved to even more overcrowded cages and lay eggs for their whole life. Workers abuse the hens by stepping on them, throwing them in garbage cans, and mangling their spines to break their neck. After their egg production is too slow, they are plucked from their cages and put into carts where they are suffocated with carbon dioxide (“Torture”).
Poultry that is used for meat are stuffed in overcrowded sheds. Genetically, chicken and turkeys have grown so big, they become crippled, have chronic joint pain, and heart attacks. Poultry that are sick or injured are clubbed to death or have their neck broken. When finally in the slaughterhouse, the workers handle the poultry very violently leaving injuries and bruises. The workers hang the poultry upside down by their feet in shackles and dragged through an electric vat Lyons 3
of water to paralyze them. To kill them, they are pulled against a blade that cuts through their neck and if that doesn’t work, there is a worker that cuts their neck (“Torture”).
On cow farms, cows are fed BST, bovine somatotrophin, a genetically engineered growth hormone strictly used in the USA because Canada and England fear the side effects on the cow’s...
Cited: Dr. Temple Grandin 's Web Page. Temple Grandin, n.d. Web. 4 Dec. 2014.
Singer, Peter and Mason, Jim. “Meat and Milk Factories.” The New Humanities Reader. Ed.
Miller, Richard E. and Spellmeyer, Kurt, 4th ed. Boston, Ma: Wadsworth, 2012. (338-358) Print.
Temple Grandin. Dir. Mick Jackson. Perf. Claire Danes. Warner Bros., 2010. DVD.
"Temple Grandin Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, 2014. Web. 26 Nov. 2014.
Torture Inside Slaughterhouses Suffering Untold (The Ugliest Methods of Torture) Not for Weak
Hearts. Youtube. 21 Sept. 2013. Web. 28 Nov. 2014. .
Please join StudyMode to read the full document