Skin Cancer Outline

Topics: Melanoma, Sun tanning, Squamous cell carcinoma Pages: 2 (337 words) Published: April 13, 2015
Skin Cancer

1. Symptoms
A. BCC- Reddish patch of dry skin that won’t heal, flesh-colored (or pink, red, or brown) pearl-shaped lump, pimple that just won’t clear, sore that bleeds, heals, and then returns, scar that feels waxy — may be skin-colored, white, or yellow, group of slow-growing, shiny pink or red growths — look like sores, often scaly and bleed easily, flat or sunken growth — feels hard, may be white or yellow. B. SCC- Hard (scaly or crusty) reddish bump, patch, or pearl-shaped growth, open sore that itches and bleeds; it can heal and return, scaly patch on the lip; skin on the lip can get thick. C. Melanoma- A mole on the skin that is growing, changing shape, or changing color, a mole that looks scaly, oozes, or bleeds, new dark spot on the skin that looks like a mole, but grows quickly, pain, itch, or bleeding in a new spot on the skin, streak (usually brown or black) underneath a fingernail or toenail, bruise on the foot that does not heal

2. Causes and Prevention
A. The use of artificial sun (tanning beds), intense sun exposure and burns, and skin color. B. Your age, if you've had skin cancer before, family history, HPV, weak immune system, exposure to radiation, other skin conditions and chemicals. C. To prevent avoid tanning beds, wear a hat, wear sunscreen, wear clothing that covers exposed skin, and stay in the shade.

3. Diagnosis
A. Dermatologist examines the skin. (Growths, moles, dry patches) B. The use of a dermascope. Magnifies the skin to see pigment and structures of the skin. C. If the dermatologist finds something suspicious they take a biopsy and send it to the lab to diagnosed.

4. Treatments
A. Excision, Mohs surgery, curettage and electrodesiccation and cryosurgery. B. Therapies used are Chemo, Radiation, Immuno, Photodynamic, and Chemo applied to the skin.

C. Treatment depends on the patients health, type of skin cancer, location of it, the stage, and if it is aggressive or not.
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