Shauri Yuen P. Ebba August 14, 2013
The Sixth Sense: A Research Paper on ESP Extrasensory perception (ESP) is commonly referred in layman‘s terms as the ‘sixth sense’ because it occurs independently of the five subtle senses we have (sight, smell, hearing, etc). Basically, ESP involves reception of information not gained through our physical senses but rather through the mind. This ability of the mind involves mental telepathy, clairaudience and clairvoyance, which is seeing and hearing things outside the range of normal perception.
ESP does not directly refer to ghosts or other paranormal activities, although these kinds of phenomenon are part of it. In 1930, J.B. Rhine and his wife Louisa Rhine developed an exact science regarding ESP which they named “parapsychology”. This was done to avoid the direct association of the term ESP to haunting, disturbances, and the like. For the purposes of their research, Rhine developed a set of cards called the ‘Zener Cards’, now called ESP cards. These cards bear symbols such as stars, circles, lines, crosses, what have you. These so called ESP cards were used in a guessing-game kind of way and the goal was to measure the clairvoyance of a person.
Although the field of parapsychology had already existed since the 30’s wherein a lot of researches and experiments have been done regarding ESP, there is a great deal of reported extrasensory perception occurrences that happened in the most random circumstances and in conditions which were not scientifically controlled. Such experiences have frequently been reported to be much stronger than those done in laboratory experiments. In addition to this, it has already been proven that these kinds of experiences turn out to be extremely difficult to replicate under controlled scientific conditions. Therefore, these reports coming from spontaneous events have historically been the basis for the widespread belief in