Sir Robert Peel's Position on Policing � PAGE �6�
Sir Robert Peel's Position on Policing
Survey of Justice and Security
Professor Steven J. Duplissis, J.D.
March 14, 2010
The real key for policing is the police are the people and the people are the police. Community policing has become a new trend in law enforcement over the past few decades. Sir Robert Peel is probably the most influential name associated with modern day policing. Sir Robert Peel's nine principles have a distinct purpose to modern day policing now. Within this paper I will address Sir Robert Peel's concept of community policing in today's society, how community policing takes a completely different type of officer, how community policing can be a valuable asset to a community, and how community policing can be used to prevent crime.
Sir Robert Peel's Concept of Community Policing
In our diverse society, it is necessary for police to understand the different cultures that make up the communities that they patrol. This can be accomplished through multi-cultural training and education. According to Sir Robert Peel the basic mission of the police existence is to prevent crime and disorder. Peel believed that prevention of crime could be accomplished without intruding into the lives of citizens and this is what he based his concepts of community policing on. Peel also stated that the ability of the police to perform their duties is dependent upon public approval of police actions and they must secure the willing co-operation of the public in voluntary observance of the laws to be able to secure and maintain the respect of the public. Sir Robert Peel established that police and the people of the community are equal in terms of effective policing. It is extremely necessary to have effective communication between the two in order for any concept to be successful.
Different Type of Officer
It is not unusual to see a police officer speeding 60 or 70 mph in a 45 mph speed zone. Right beside the police car is me and I figure if the police can speed, so can I. In the event of any emergency there is no way no one can stop their vehicles without causing a wreck. What has happened to the law enforcement? Why won't the police enforce the basics of law today? Why are the police officers not required to obey the very laws they are sworn to uphold? Why do police officers speed? Is it a lack of training? Is it a lack of caring? Is it a lack of understanding?
According to Gianakis & Davis (1998), "Many older officers may have the experience, but do not have the personality traits that are required for a good officer that is out in the community"( p. 486). Community policing also gives more responsibilities to the officers for the same amount of pay which many are just not willing to assume. Training techniques and hiring practices all have to be restructured and renovate which can be costly in large amounts of time and money. In order to make a difference in today's society, the police department must get out here and give back to the community they serve. I believe that if more police officers would volunteer and mentor at the schools this would promote better police-community partnership. It would show the community that they do care and it starts with our youth.
Community Policing Valuable in the Community
One of the biggest stumbling blocks to the successful implementation of community policing is people. You have people on both sides of this equation that harbor their own beliefs, prejudices or grudges that must be cleared away before a trusting relationship can be developed and trust takes time. The leadership of an organization and how that leadership approaches change can make or break any initiative. In this complex society where ethnic diversity, religious differences, racial divergence, and lifestyle discrepancy are in all of our communities, community policing is more challenging. Knowledge is...
References: Bartolla, C., & Hahn, L.D. (1998). _Policing in America_. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.
Cordner, G.W., Scarborough, K.E., & Sheehan R. (2004) Police Administration 5th edition. Anderson Publishing Company.
Gianakis, G.A. & Davis, J. (1998, Nov/Dec) Reinventing or Repackaging Public Services? The Case of Community-Oriented Policing. Public Administration Review, 58(6), 485-498. Retrieved March 7, 2010, from the JSTOR database.
Friedmann, Robert R, (1996), Community Policing: Some Conceptual and Practical Considerations, retrieved from the Internet, March 19, 2005 from http://www2.gsu.edu/~crirxf/considerations.htm
Thatcher, D. (2001) Conflicting Values in Community Policing. Law & Society Review, 35(4), 765-798. Retrieved March 7, 2010, from the JSTOR database.
Trojanowicz, Robert and Bucqueroux, Bonnie (1990). Community Policing: a Contemporary Perspective, Anderson Publishing Company.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document