SINS AND REWARDS: ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVE
وَلَقَدْ خَلَقْنَا الْإِنسَانَ مِن سُلَالَةٍ مّنِ طِينٍ(12) ثُمَّ جَعَلْنَاهُ نُطْفَةً فِي قَرَارٍ مَّكِين (13) ثُمَّ خَلَقْنَا النُّطْفَةَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْعَلَقَةَ مُضْغَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْمُضْغَةَ عِظَامًا فَكَسَوْنَا الْعِظَامَ لَحْمًا ثُمَّ أَنشَأْنَاهُ خَلْقًا آخَرَ فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ(14) Meaning: Man We did create from a quintessence (of clay) (12) Then We placed him as (a drop of) sperm in a place of rest, firmly fixed. (13) Then We made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood, then of that clot We made a (foetus) lump, then We made out of that lump bones and clothes the bones with flesh, then We developed out of it another creature. So blessed be Allah, the best to create.
After Allah created Adam A.S., He then created Hawa to be his companion. They enjoyed perfect freedom and happiness in Paradise. Allah told them to eat of the fruits of the Garden with pleasure and delight as they pleased. However, He forbade them from approaching one tree, the tree of Khuldi, and warned them that if they did, they will both be of the wrongdoers. Due to Satan’s arrogance and disobedience, he asked Allah to give him respite until the Day of Judgment (resurrection), so he could make Adam and his descendants unworthy. Satan came and deceived them to eat the fruit from the tree and they did. In sincere repentance, they turned to Allah for forgiveness, and Allah, the Most Merciful, forgave them. Allah had also earlier said to the angels that He was placing a new being on earth, thus He descended Adam and Hawa from Paradise and made them dwell on earth, the place where we were meant to be right from the time of Adam’s creation. Now the question is, whether or not the humankind inherited Adam’s and Hawa’s sins when they were born?
To answer this question, firstly, we will look into the concepts of rewards and sins in Islam. Rewards (ajran) are the benefit in return when a Muslim performs good deeds...
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