Thesis: The reasons for the Sino Soviet split can be placed upon the political, economic and social difference between the nations; especially the ideological differences.
Long Term * Stalin feared Mao as a rival for the leadership of the communist world * Didn’t want the Cold War to spread to Asia * Stalin underestimated the CCP * Believed the GMD would be stronger, * Wanted the communists to unite * Even when the victory of the CCP seemed inevitable. * Mao became convinced that Stalin wanted a divided and weak China to leave the USSR dominant in Asia. * He saw Stalin's policies as self-interested rather than true revolutionary doctrines * The Sino-Soviet treaty of Alliance * Mao was invited to visit Moscow in 1950, which produced the Sino-Soviet Alliance Treaty, the first between the USSR and China * The treaty offered China the promise of Soviet expertise and low interest aid. * American forces, under the UN flag came close to the Chinese border due to involvement in Korean War, Stalin encouraged China to send troops to Korea * The Soviets gave material assistance to the one million Chinese troops engaged in battle * Stalin wanted China to pay for the weapons that were given to the Chinese
Short Term * Khrushchev undermined the potential for the easing of tensions * The crushing of the Hungarian uprising * Mao saw as Soviet problems in containing reactionary forces in the West * Khrushchev’s doctrine of “peaceful coexistence” with the West * Implying that the global revolution could be achieved by means other than armed struggle * The USA didn’t recognize China * Mao saw this as ideological heresy * Conference of Communist Parties, 1957 * Mao attended this conference hoping Tito to assist * Yugoslav leader did not appear * Mao called on